Chronography of Angola
Page last modified 6/8/2022
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8/2016, Continued separatist clashes in Cabinda between the
Angolan Government and FLEC.
11/2010, Cabinda separatist group FLEC claimed responsibility
for an attack on a bus carrying Chinese mine workers.
1/2010, Separatist violence in Cabinda restarted; a bus
carrying the Togo football team was attacked there during
the Africa Nations Cup.
9/2008, Angola held its first Parliamentary elections since
6/2006, The Angolan Government signed a peace deal with
separatists in the Cabinda enclave.
6/2005, The Chinese Prime Minister, Wen Jiabao, visited Angola, and
arranged new Chinese investment in the country.
4/2004, The Angolan Government expelled 300,000 illegal
diamond traffickers. Oil production reached 1 million barrels per day.
6/2003, UNITA, now a recognised opposition Party, appointed Isaias Samakuva
8/2002, UNITA formally disbanded its military forces.
6/2002, Food aid appeal for Angola as thousands of refugees
began returning home as the civil war ended. 500,000 Angolans were facing
Angolan civil war, 1975-2002
5/2002, UNITA claimed that 95% of its fighters had reported
to demobilisation camps, but there were fears that a foiod shortage at these
camps could derail the peace process.
4/4/2002, A truce was signed between the Angolan government
and UNITA, who became the official opposition party of Angola.
22/2/2002. Jonas Savimbi, leader of the UNITA opposition to
the Angola Government in a protracted civil war since 1975, was killed by Angolan Government troops, aged 67 (born 1934).
1998. The Angolan civil war restarted, and persisted until 2002. Angolan
forces under Dos
Santos also intervened in the Congo civil was, in support of President :Laurent
Desire Kabila. UN peacekeepers pulled out in 1999.
4/1997, Savimbi spurned participation in
the new Government of National Unity. Only a few UNITA fighters joined the
Angolan Army, and civil war looked likely again.
1996, Dos Santos (MPLA) and Savimbi
(UNITA) agreed to form a national government of unity.
1995, A 7,000-strong contingent of
UN peacekeepers began arriving in Angola.
20/11/1994, The Angolan Government and UNITA signed the
Lusaka Protocol. However fighting restarted in 1998.
19/6/1993, The US recognised
the Government in Angola.
15/9/1993. The USA, Britain, and other
Western countries agreed to sanctions on Jonas Savimbi�s UNITA forces fighting
the Angolan government.
20/1/1993. Jonas Savimbi�s
UNITA rebels took the important Angolan
oil refining town of Sayo.
6/10/1992. A truce in
the 16-year-old civil war in Angola
looked fragile after UNITA disputed election results giving the MPLA
government, under President Jose Eduardo Dos Santos
a 51% to 39% lead over Jonas Savimbi.
30/9/1992. In Angola�s first democratically-held
Eduardo dos Santos defeated
31/5/1991, The 17-year civil war in Angola ended. A peace deal
was signed in Lisbon.
4/1991, The MPLA dropped its Marxist-Leninist stance in
favour of �social democracy�.
10/1/1989, Cuban troops began withdrawing from
Angola. There was a brief ceasefire agreed by UNITA leader Dos Santos,
but civil warfare soon resumed.
withdrawal of Cuban troops from Angola was announced. In return South Africa agreed to independence for
8/8/1988. Angola, South Africa, and Cuba agreed a
ceasefire in the Angolan Civil War.
1/3/1984, A joint South African-Angolan
monitoring commission began monitoring South African troop withdrawal from
26/8/1981, President P W
Botha confirmed that South African troops were fighting alongside
guerrillas in Angola, suppoting UNITA.
1979, MPLA leader Agostinho Neto died.
Africa raided SWAPO (South West African
People�s Organisation) bases in Angola.
4/4/1978. The Angolan
government began an offensive against UNITA forces.
19/2/1976. The Cuban
backed MPLA won the Angolan civil war, and was recognised by most other
countries.� See 10/11/1975.
24/11/1975. Civil war began in Angola.
11/11/1975. Angola became independent from Portugal,
but three different liberation factions were fighting for control.� 320 years of Portuguese occupation ended.
Civil was began between the Cuban-backed MPLA (People�s Movement for the
Liberation of Angola) and the Western backed UNITA (National Union for the
Total Independence of Angola) and the South African backed FNLA (National Front
for the Liberation of Angola).� See
4/11/1975, Cuba's leader
Fidel Castro ordered 650 troops to Angola to support the Marxist MPLA
government against UNITA and South Africa.
Struggle for independence 1956-75
10/1/1975, The Portuguese
Government agreed on independence for Angola.
1974, Military coup
in Portugal led to a decolonisation intitiative. Portuguese army officers
in Angola resented the incompetence of the Lisbon administration at running the
conflict in Anbgola, also they had grown weary of the continual guerrilla
warfare they faced.
forces attacked guerrilla bases in Angola.
1966, UNITA (Uniao Nacional para a Independencia Total de Angola,
National Union for the Total Independence of Angola) was founded by Jonas Savimbi.
1962, The northern-based FNLA began an insurgency led by Holden Roberto.
1961, Forced labour on the Angolan coffee plantations
ceased after riots left 50,000 dead.
9/6/1961, The UN called on
Portugal to cease repressive measures in Angola.
4/2/1961, The MPLA began its
fight against the Angolan Government at Luanda.
1956, The MPLA (Movement fot the Popular Liberation of Angola) was
formed, across the border in Congo.
1951, Portugal declared Angola to be an �overseas province�, making it
politically an integral part of Portugal.
1945, Considerable post-War Portuguese emigration to Angola.
1836, Slave trade abolished in Angola
by the Portuguese Government.
1680, Over the previous century, from 1580, the Portuguese had shipped over
a million Angolans as slaves to Brazil.
1648, The Portuguese recovered Luanda.
1640, Luanda was occupied by the Dutch.
1617, The Portuguese
founded the settlement of Benguela, Angola.
1575, The Portuguese founded the settlement of
1571, Portuguese colonisation of Angola
1482, Portuguese explorer Diego Cao
explored what is now the Angolan coastline.
1300s, Kongo Kingdom ruled what
is now northern Angola.
200s CE, Bantu speaking peoples
migrated to the Angola region.
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