Chronography of Cyprus
Page last modified 26/62022
16/3/2013, To rescue its banks, Cyprus announced a plan that would partially confiscate the savings of its
1/1/2008, Cyprus adopted the Euro.
Greek and Turkish Cypriots broke down the wall dividing Nicosia.
Cyprus (southern, Greek, portion) joined the EU.
2001, Turkey threatened to annex northern Cyprus.
Cyprus separated as Turkish entity 1974-83
15/11/1983, The Turkish part of
Cyprus declared independence. Led by Rauf Dektash, the �republic� was recognised
only by Turkey.
3/8/1977, Archbishop Makarios, religious leader
and first President of Cyprus, died.
held northern Cyprus declared itself �The Turkish Federated State of Cyprus�.
3/1/1975. The Turkish president, Mr Bulent Ecevic, received a
hero�s welcome as he arrived in Famagusta,
He had ordered the Turkish invasion
of part of the island 6 months earlier.
Makarios returned to Cyprus; however almost half of it was occupied
22/7/1974. Greece and
Turkey agreed to a ceasefire in Cyprus. On 23/7/1974 Sampson was replaced as
President by Glafkos
Clerides. 2,000 British and foreign residents and tourists were
evacuated by the Royal Navy.
20/7/1974. Turkey invaded northern Cyprus, after
the overthrow of Makarios.
independent; Greek-Turkish conflict, 1960-74
15/7/1974. In Cyprus.
Archbishop Makarios was deposed as President in a coup by officers of the
Greek National Guard. Nicos Sampson was installed as President.� Makarios, nearly assassinated, went into exile
for 6 months.� Cyprus
descended into near-anarchy, and Turkey
took advantage of this to invade (see 20/7/1974).� By August 1974 Turkey
occupied the northern 40% of Cyprus;
Greeks were forced to leave this area.
Grivas of Cyprus died aged 75.
8/2/1973. Makarios was re-elected President of Cyprus.
9/8/1964, The United Nations ordered a ceasefire in Cyprus.
planes attacked Cyprus.
Makarios rejected the 1960 treaty; fighting broke out in Cyprus.
27/3/1964. A UN peace force took over in Cyprus.
9/3/1964, Fighting in Ktima, Cyprus.
11/2/1964. Fighting broke out at Limassol, Cyprus, between Greeks and Turks.
clashes between Greeks and Turks in Cyprus; UN Peace Forces intervened.
joined the Council of Europe.
20/1/1961, Queen Elizabeth
II met Archbishop Makarios in Cyprus.
16/8/1960. Cyprus became independent, with Archbishop
Makarios as President.� Fazil Kuchuk, leader of the Turkish Cypriots, was Vice-President, but relations
between the two communities were strained. The island�s Greek population,
some 80% of the total, wanted union, or enosis,
with Greece. See 15/7/1974 and 3/4/1955. Britain retained military bases on the island.
14/12/1959, Makarios III (1913-1977), Archbishop
of Cyprus, was elected first President of Cyprus; he assumed
office on 16/8/1960. His Turkish rival Fazil Kucuk became Vice-President.
1/3/1959. Archbishop Makarios returned to Cyprus, after almost three years exile.
22/2/1959, As part of the
Cyprus Agreement, Britain released all EOKA prisoners in Cyprus.
19/2/1959. Greece and Turkey agreed on plans for the independence of Cyprus.
15/2/1959, Archbishop Makarios arrived in London
for talks on Cyprus
3/10/1958, The wife of a British
soldier was shot in the back whilst shopping in Famagusta, Cyprus. After this
British soldiers rounded up 650 Greek Cypriots and beat up 250 of them.
3/12/1957, Sir Hugh Foot became the new British
Governor of Cyprus.
4/11/1957, Sir John Harding retired as British Governor
Unrest in Cyprus
as Cypriot Greek population demanded union with Greece, but Turkey objected on
behalf of the Cypriot Turkish population
9/8/1957, The State of Emergency in Cyprus ended.
Makarios arrived back in Athens, from
a 13-month exile in the Seychelles.
28/3/1957, Britain freed Archbishop Makarios.
20/3/1957. Britain favoured UN mediation over Cyprus but the Greeks rejected it.
Makarios, implicated in
terrorism, was deported by the British from Cyprus
to the Seychelles.
Riots broke out in Cyprus.
11/1/1956, Britain sent troops to Cyprus to restore order.
28/11/1955. A state of emergency was declared in Cyprus
because of EOKA terrorism. The Greek
majority wanted to celebrate Oxi Day, the day Greece entered WW2, but were banned
by the British Governor of Cyprus, Sir John Harding. EOKA really wanted enosis, or union with Greece, fiercely opposed by the Turkish minority
17/9/1955, In Cyprus, Greek supporters of Enosis, who had been urged by Archbishop
Makarios to embark on a campaign of �passive resistance� against
British troops occupying the island, burnt down the British Institute in
Nicosia. There were also attacks on British soldiers, mostly 2-year conscripts
doing National Service.
13/9/1955, The crisis in the British colony of Cyprus worsened when EOKA
called a General Strike. Illegal marches and demonstrations by both Greeks and
Turks led to clashes.
1/4/1955, Greek EOKA terrorists
led by Grivas
set off a series of bombs in Cyprus, starting a 4-year campaign against British
occupation.� Ankara sought to defend the minority Turkish population in Cyprus.� On 9/3/1956 Archbishop
Makarios, spiritual leader of the Greek community, was deported by Britain to the Seychelles,
but allowed to return to Athens
in 1957.� See 16/8/1960.
18/12/1954, Greeks rioted in Cyprus, demanding union with
Greece instead of British rule. Two rioters were shot by British police as
they tore down the Union Jack outside the police station in Limassol, replacing
it with the Greek flag. 42 Greek Cypriots were arrested. Athens demanded
that Cypriots be allowed to vote on the matter, knowing that Greek Cypriots
1/5/1925. Cyprus became a British
Crown Colony. It had been annexed by Britain
from Turkey in 1914 when Turkey supported Germany in World War One.
27/1/1924. Rauf Denktash,
Turkish-Cypriot politician, was born.
12/7/1878, Turkey ceded Cyprus to
1764, Insurrection against Tirkish rule in Cyprus
7/3/1573. Venice concluded a peace with the Turks by which Venice
recognised Turkey�s sovereignty over Cyprus.
1570, The Ottomans under Selim I
took Cyprus. With an army of 60,000 men, most of the island fell quickly.
Nicosia fell after a 45 day siege, and 20,000 of its defenders were massacred
by the Turks. Fanagusta still held out, only falling in 8/1571 after nearly a
14/4/1489, The Queen of Cyprus, Catherine Cornaro, sold her
kingdom to Venice.
1376, Genoa took control of Famagusta, holding
it until 1474 when King James II reunited all of Cyprus under his
II married Catherine Cornaro, a high-ranking Venetian
lady, to secure the support of the powerful Republic of Venice. However Catherine,
after the death of James II, felt unable to stand against the
Ottoman Turks and sold her kingdom to Venice. See 14/4/1489.
1194, Amaury, brother of Guy de Lusignan,
became ruler of Cyprus. Amaury began a dynasty of feudal monarchs that
endured nearly 300 years.
1192, Guy de Lusignan became ruler of
Cyprus, until his death in 1194.
1191, Isaac Comenus, Byzantine ruler
of Cyprus, angered King Richard I of England by mistreating his Crusaders.
Richard I then seized control of Cyrus, taking Comenus captive. He then sold
Cyprus to the Knights Templars, who then resold it to Guy de Lusignan, Crusader King
600, Cyprus was part of the Eastern Roman
Empire (Byzantium). In 644 the Muslim Arab conquests of the eastern Mediterranean
began, with control of Cyprus passing between the Arabs and Byzantium for the
next 500 years.
1500 BCE, Cyprus was under Egyptian rule.
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