Chronography of the Dominican republic
modified 20 September 2023
See also South, Central, America
the Dominican Republic
Fernandez was re-elected, and introduced austerity measures to
Mejia, of the centre-left Domincan Revolutionary Party, became
President. His popularity was soon diminished by high inflation, electricity
shortages and major bank collapses.
Hurricane did severe damage to the Dominican Republic.
Fernandez, of the moderate Dominican Liberation Party,� succeeded Balaguer as President.
introduced austerity measures.
June 1966, In the Dominican Republic, Bosch was defeated in
Presidential elections by former President Balaguer. Under Balaguer, the Dominican Republic
received much aid from the US to repair the damage done in the 1965 civil war;
unemployment, however, remained high. Balaguer was re-elected in 1970 but amidst
charges of election fraud; Bosch supporters boycotted the election.
5 May 1965, Truce in the
Dominican Republic between the Leftist and Rightist warring factions.
4 May 1965, Colonel
Francisco Caama�o was sworn in as President of the Dominican
Republic at the presidential palace in Santo Domingo, after rebel forces
convened a constitutional congress and voted to have him govern until the
return of exiled ex-President Juan Bosch. Addressing a crowd of 2,500
supporters in Independence Plaza, Caama�o called for the immediate withdrawal of
the 14,000 American troops that had arrived in the Caribbean nation during the
28 April 1965, US
forces invaded the Dominican Republic. This country had been in
political turmoil since the death of the longstanding dictator Rafael Trujillo
in 1961. Free elections in December 1962 brought the mildly left-wing Juan Bosch
to power, but he was quickly deposed in a military coup. This right-wing
military junta was itself deposed in a further coup led by Colonel Francisco Caama, and Bosch
was invited to return from exile and restore democracy. However the US was
extremely wary, after Cuba, of any more leftist regimes being established in
the Caribbean. On 28/4 US troops occupied the western half of the capital,
Santo Domingo, whilst in the east right-wing generals took over the San Isidro
air base, which was then opened to US military flights. However the US did not
want to undertake a permanent occupation of the Dominican Republic; US troops
were replaced by a Pan-American force under Brazilian command, and free
elections organised in 1966, won by President Joaquin Balaguer.
25 April 1965, The
military regime in the Dominican republic that took power in September 1963 was overthrown by pro-Bosch military officers.
25 September 1963, The Bosch
administration in the Dominican Republic was overthrown in a bloodless coup by
the military, who alleged that Bosch was too pro-Communist.
27 February 1963, Juan Bosch,
Dominican Revolutionary Party, winner of the elections of the elections of
December 1962 (first free elections there for over 30 years), was inaugurated
20 December 1962,
The Dominican republic held its first free elections in 38 years. The Leftist
Bosch Gavino won the Presidency.
30 May 1961, Rafael Trujillo, corrupt and dictatorial
President of the Dominican Republic,
was assassinated. He had been ruler since he overthrew the benevolent but
inefficient rule of President Horacio Velasquez, who acceded in
July 1924. After the assassination a brief period of democratic rule under President Juan
Bosch from December 1962 to September 1963 was succeeded by a
2 October 1937, President Trujillo of the Dominican Republic
ordered a massacre of Haitians living in the north-west of the Dominican
Republic. This was the
so-called� �Parsley Massacre�. Over 20,000 people were killed for failing to
pronounce the word for parsley (perejil) correctly). The massacre was aimed at
Haitian migrants who, not being native Spanish speakers, struggled to roll the
1930, General Rafael Trujillo became
Administration by USA
21 October 1922, Juan Bautista Vicini Burgos became the
provisional president of the Dominican Republic as the U.S. administration of
the country formally ended.
1916, The Dominican Republic was occupied
by US troops,until 1924; the US retained custoims control until 1940.
20 January 1905,� President Roosevelt took control
of the Dominican Republic�s national and international debts, although the US
Senate had not approved of this.
1865, The Dominican Republic became
independent again, but governance was unstable.
1861, Spanish colonial control was
re-established at the request of President Pedro Santana, to ward off Haitian
attempts to retake the Dominican Republic.
27 February 1844, The Dominican
Republic seceded from Haiti.
1822, Haiti invaded the Domican
30 November 1821, The Dominican Republic (eastern half of
Hispaniola, west = Haiti) became independent from Spain.
from Spain, together with Haiti
1806, Spain re-established
colonial control over eastern Hispaniola (Domincan Repubic), see Haiti,
1795, By treaty with Spain,
France acquired sovereignty over the whole island (Hispaniola).
1697, Hispaniola was divided
between Spain and France.
1511, The Dominican Republic
(eastern half of Hispaniola, west = Haiti) became a Spanish colony.
1492, Columbus first visited the
island of Hispaniola.
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