Chronography of the Falklands Islands

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Demography of the Falkland Islands


See also Argentina

See also South & Central America


2013, In a referendum, the Falkland islands voted to remain British

15 February 1990, The UK and Argentina restored diplomatic links, 8 years after they were broken off in response to the Falklands War.

31 October 1988, General Galtieri of Argentina was sentenced to 12 years imprisonment because of his incompetent management of the Falklands War.

1986, On the recommendation of Lord Shackleton, the Falkland Islands set up a 200-mile nautical fishing zone, which was used to sell fishing licences and prevent over-fishing. This provided a considerable income stream for The Falklands, with a new school being set up, and the islands population began to grow. Fishging now accounts for around 60% of the Falklands GDP.

16 May 1986, Ex-President Galtieri of Argentina was jailed for negligence during the Falklands War.

8 July 1985, The UK lifted its ban on trading with Argentina

12 May 1985, Prince Andrew opened the new Falkland Islands Airport, which had cost the UK �276 million.

27 June 1983, Britain announced plans to build a new airport in the Falkland Islands, costing �215 millon.

13 September 1982, A report by Lord Shackleton on proposals for the economic development of the Falkland Islands recommended investment of �100 million.


Final end of Falklands hostilities

22 July 1982, Britain lifted the 200-mile exclusion zone around the Falkland Islands.

12 July 1982, Hostilities between Britain and Argentina, over the Falklands, officially ceased.

18 June 1982, Fourteen Argentinean Army Generals at an army base decided unanimously to depose General Galtieri, who had taken on the UK to claim the Falklands Islands. By declaring an end to all hostilities, the 10,600 Argentinean PoWs still held on the Falklands could be repatriated.

End of Falklands War 1982

14 June 1982, Argentinean forces formally surrendered to British forces on the Falkland Islands.

8 June 1982, British troops landed near Port Stanley, Falkland Islands.

1 June 1982. British forces continued their advance in the Falkland Islands, (see 2 April 1982), fighting with the Argentineans 12 miles from Port Stanley. The Argentinian forces surrendered on 14 June 1982, the day Port Stanley was recaptured. Total casualties were 254 British and 750 Argentine lives.

29 May 1982. Battle of Goose Green in the Falkland Islands. British paratroopers defeated a larger Argentine force in the first land battle of the war.

28 May 1982, British troops reached Darwin in the Falklands Islands.

25 May 1982, HMS Coventry and the merchant ship Atlantic Conveyor were sunk in the Falkland War, with the loss of 32 lives. The loss of Atlantic Conveyor was a disaster that could soon have meant the end of the British attempt to regain the Falklands.

21 May 1982. Argentine rockets sunk the British cruiser Ardent; 22 men died. On 24 May 1982 another British cruiser, the Antelope, was sunk, with 8 men lost.On 25 May 1982 Argentine Exocet missiles destroyed HMS Coventry, a destroyer, and the Cunard container ship Atlantic Conveyor; 32 people were killed. This day 5,000 UK troops landed at San Carlos Bay on the Falkland Islands and raised the Union Jack.

14 May 1982, British forces landed on East Falkland island, to oust the Argentinean forces.

12 May 1982, The QE2 sailed south to join the Falkland Islands Task Force.

4 May 1982. An Argentinean Exocet missile sank the British ship HMS Sheffield. 20 men were killed.

2 May 1982. The Argentine cruiser General Belgrano was torpedoed and sunk by British nuclear submarine HMS Conqueror, off the Falkland Islands. 800 of the 1,042 crew survived. The General Belgrano, originally called The Phoenix, had been sold to Argentina by the USA after World War Two, and was the last surviving warship from Pearl Harbour.

1 May 1982, British naval forces, the HMS Hermes under commander Sandy Woodward, entered the Argentine exclusion zone around d the Falklands, and the Falklands War began. Stanley Airport was bombed by UK forces.

See also Great Britain

30 April 1982, The US Government, after some discussion, expressed support for Britain in the Falklands war.

25 April 1982. Britain recaptured South Georgia from Argentina.

12 April 1982, 12,000 Argentinean troops were stationed in the Falklands.

6 April 1982, Britain banned the import of Argentinean products.

5 April 1982, The British Foreign Secretary, Lord Carrington, resigned, as a British invasion fleet left Portsmouth for the Falklands. On 18 March 1982 an Argentine scrap-metal dealer had raised the Argentine flag on South Georgia, a sign of intention from Argentina that was not interpreted correctly by the British Foreign Office. See 1 May 1982.

4 April 1982, The British Falkland Islands Garrison surrendered to Argentina.

3 April 1982. The UN Security Council voted in favour of a resolution that Argentina withdraw from the Falklands.

2 April 1982. Argentina launched an invasion of the Falkland Islands. On 4 April 1982 Argentina seized South Georgia, a Falklands dependency. British forces set out from the UK on 5 April 1982 and landed in the Falklands on 21 May 1982. South Georgia was recaptured on 25 April 1982 with no casualties. See 1 June 1982.

Start of Falklands War 1982

19 March 1982, Argentine scrap metal merchants landed on uninhabited South Georgia and raised the Argentine flag, starting the Falklands War.

4 April 1980, Argentina increased its links with the Falkland Islands; a preliminary to the invasion of 1982.

16 December 1978. Ministers from Britain and Argentina met to discuss the Falkland Islands, to which Argentina had reiterated its claim.

Moves towards Falklands War 1982


27 March 1968. The UK foreign secretary said the Falklands will stay British.

29 September 1966. Argentina raided the Falkland Islands.

6 May 1955, Britain went to the International Court over the Falklands.

16 February 1948, Britain warned off Argentina as the Argentines conducted naval exercise near the Falkland Islands.

8 December 1914. Battle of the Falklands.Six of the seven ships in the German Pacific Squadron were sunk.Admiral Sturdee�s victory over Vice-Admiral von Spee ended German naval activity in the southern Atlantic and Pacific oceans, allowing the British navy to concentrate on home waters and the Mediterranean for the remainder of World War One.

1904, Stanley naval station closed.

1867, There were no settlers on West Falkland; the Falkland Islands Government offered generous terms to newcomers and the available grazing was all taken up by 1868.

22 January 1842, Lieutenant Governor Moody became the first Governor of the Falkland Islands. See 1767.

1 January 1833, Britain officially annexed the Falkland Islands as a Crown Colony. It sent a gunboat to reinforce its claims against Argentina, which had claimed the islands since it became indeoendent from Spain in 1820.

With no Panama Canal as yet in exisatence, and no Northwest Passage, the Falkland Islands then had strategic importance as a staging post for European ships entering or leaving the Pacific Ocean to the west.

1832, Argentina landed forces on the Falklands; within weeks they were ousted by a British force.

1780, Spain again claimed the Falklands., biut also evacuated in 1811, also leaving a plaque claiming ownership.

22 January 1771,

1774, The British decided that the garrison on the Falklands was an unwarranted expense and evacuated, but left a plaque claiming British ownership of the islands.

22 January 1771, Spain ceded the Falkland Islands to Britain, to avert a possible war.

4 June 1770, Five Spanish frigates under Juan de Madariaga with 1,400 Spanish soldiers entered the port of the small British settlement at Port Egmont and overwhelmed the tiny British garrison there. The British fired their guns once for the sake of military honour then surrendered. When the news reached Britain there was outrage. However by this time King Louis XV of France had dismissed his war-loving Chief Minister, Cesar Gabriel de Choiseul, and was less inclined to support hostilities with Britain. Louis XV informed his cousin Charles III of Spain that he would not support the Spanish adventure in the Falklands, and the Spanish Navy was easily outclassed by the British.

1767, Spain demanded that France transfer her Falklands colony to Spain, because it was so close to the Spanish colony of Argentina. However unknown to either the \French of the Spanish, in 1765, the English had started a settlement at Saunders Island, West Falklands. After discussions between Spain and Britain, the Falklands returned to British control, see 4 June 1770, 22 January 1842.

1764, The first permanent settlement on the Falklands was made, by 28 Frenchmen, led by Antoine Loius de Bougainville, at Port Louis, east Falkland. See 1692 and 1767.

1692, The first landing was made on the Falkland Islands, by the British, from the ship Welfare, commanded by Captain John Strong. The Falklands may have been sighted in 1592 by the Englishman John Davies, aboard the ship Desire, but no landing was made then. However even then, no permanent settlement was made, see 1764.

1592, Dutchman Sebald de Wert landed on the Falkland Islands; Some Dutch maps of the 1800s marked them as the Sebald Islands.


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