Chronography of the Falklands Islands
Page last modified 18 August 2023
See also Argentina
See also South & Central America
2013, In a referendum, the Falkland islands voted to remain British
15 February 1990, The UK and Argentina restored diplomatic links, 8 years after they were broken off in response to the Falklands War.
31 October 1988, General Galtieri of Argentina was sentenced to 12 years imprisonment because of his incompetent management of the Falklands War.
1986, On the recommendation of Lord Shackleton, the Falkland Islands set up a 200-mile nautical fishing zone, which was used to sell fishing licences and prevent over-fishing. This provided a considerable income stream for The Falklands, with a new school being set up, and the islands population began to grow. Fishging now accounts for around 60% of the Falklands GDP.
16 May 1986, Ex-President Galtieri of Argentina was jailed for negligence during the Falklands War.
8 July 1985, The UK lifted its ban on trading with Argentina
12 May 1985, Prince Andrew opened the new Falkland Islands Airport, which had cost the UK �276 million.
27 June 1983, Britain announced plans to build a new airport in the Falkland Islands, costing �215 millon.
13 September 1982, A report by Lord Shackleton on proposals for the economic development of the Falkland Islands recommended investment of �100 million.
27 March 1968. The UK foreign secretary said the Falklands will stay British.
29 September 1966. Argentina raided the Falkland Islands.
6 May 1955, Britain went to the International Court over the Falklands.
16 February 1948, Britain warned off Argentina as the Argentines conducted naval exercise near the Falkland Islands.
8 December 1914. Battle of the Falklands.� Six of the seven ships in the German Pacific Squadron were sunk.� Admiral Sturdee�s victory over Vice-Admiral von Spee ended German naval activity in the southern Atlantic and Pacific oceans, allowing the British navy to concentrate on home waters and the Mediterranean for the remainder of World War One.
1904, Stanley naval station closed.
1867, There were no settlers on West Falkland; the Falkland Islands Government offered generous terms to newcomers and the available grazing was all taken up by 1868.
22 January 1842, Lieutenant Governor Moody became the first Governor of the Falkland Islands. See 1767.
1 January 1833, Britain officially annexed the Falkland Islands as a Crown Colony. It sent a gunboat to reinforce its claims against Argentina, which had claimed the islands since it became indeoendent from Spain in 1820.
With no Panama Canal as yet in exisatence, and no Northwest Passage, the Falkland Islands then had strategic importance as a staging post for European ships entering or leaving the Pacific Ocean to the west.
1832, Argentina landed forces on the Falklands; within weeks they were ousted by a British force.
1780, Spain again claimed the Falklands., biut also evacuated in 1811, also leaving a plaque claiming ownership.
22 January 1771,
1774, The British decided that the garrison on the Falklands was an unwarranted expense and evacuated, but left a plaque claiming British ownership of the islands.
22 January 1771, Spain ceded the Falkland Islands to Britain, to avert a possible war.
4 June 1770, Five Spanish frigates under Juan de Madariaga with 1,400 Spanish soldiers entered the port of the small British settlement at Port Egmont and overwhelmed the tiny British garrison there. The British fired their guns once for the sake of military honour then surrendered. When the news reached Britain there was outrage. However by this time King Louis XV of France had dismissed his war-loving Chief Minister, Cesar Gabriel de Choiseul, and was less inclined to support hostilities with Britain. Louis XV informed his cousin Charles III of Spain that he would not support the Spanish adventure in the Falklands, and the Spanish Navy was easily outclassed by the British.
1767, Spain demanded that France transfer her Falklands colony to Spain, because it was so close to the Spanish colony of Argentina. However unknown to either the \French of the Spanish, in 1765, the English had started a settlement at Saunders Island, West Falklands. After discussions between Spain and Britain, the Falklands returned to British control, see 4 June 1770, 22 January 1842.
1764, The first permanent settlement on the Falklands was made, by 28 Frenchmen, led by Antoine Loius de Bougainville, at Port Louis, east Falkland. See 1692 and 1767.
1692, The first landing was made on the Falkland Islands, by the British, from the ship Welfare, commanded by Captain John Strong. The Falklands may have been sighted in 1592 by the Englishman John Davies, aboard the ship Desire, but no landing was made then. However even then, no permanent settlement was made, see 1764.