France/Germany; ancillary dates of Clergy, Chancellors, Electors, Jurists, Marshals, Military leaders, Politicians, Statesmnen,

Page last amended 18/8/2022

 

Lawyers

20/10/1874, Karl Homeyer, German jurist, died (born 13/8/1795).

15/9/1844, Gustav Hugo, German jurist, died (born 23/11/1764).

5/5/1839, Eduard Gans, German jurist, died (born 22/3/1797).

13/8/1795, Karl Homeyer, German jurist, was born (died 20/10/1874)

12/7/1785, Louis la Chalotais, French jurist, died (born 6/3/1701).

23/11/1764, Gustav Hugo, German jurist, was born (died 15/9/1844).

65/12/1745, Jean Epremesnil, French magistrate, was born (died 22/4/1794).

/3/1701, Louis la Chalotais, French jurist, was born (died 12/7/1785).

7/9/1622, Denis Godefroy, French jurist, died (born 17/10/1549).

17/10/1549, Denis Godefroy, French jurist, was born (died 7/9/1622).

 

Chancellors of France

29/7/1792, Rene Maupeou, Chancellor of France, died (born 25/2/1714).

9/2/1751, Henri Aguesseau, Chancellor of France (born 27/11/1668) died.

25/2/1714, Rene Maupeou, Chancellor of France, was born (died 29/7/1792).

27/11/1668, Henri Aguesseau, Chancellor of France (died 9/2/1751) was born.

17/1/1463, Antoine du Prat, Chancellor of France, was born (died 9/7/1535).

9/7/1535, Antoine du Prat, Chancellor of France, died (born 17/1/1463).

28/1/1443, Robert le Macon, Chancellor of France, died.

 

Clergy

8/4/1891, Edmond Dehault de Pressense, French cleric (born 7/1/1824), died.

1/3/1878, Johann Baptist Alzog, German theologian, died (born 29/6/1808 in Ohlau, Silesia).

17/5/1871, Georges Darboy, Bishop of Paris, died (born 16/1/1813).

27/6/1848, Denis Affre, Archbishop of Paris, died (born in St Rome, Tarn, 27/9/1793)

16/1/1813, Georges Darboy, Bishop of Paris, was born (died 17/5/1871).

29/6/1808, Johann Baptist Alzog, German theologian, was born in Ohlau, Silesia (died 1/3/1878).

27/9/1793, Denis Affre, Archbishop of Paris, was born in St Rome, Tarn (died 27/6/1848).

14/12/1773, Johannes Gossner, German preacher and philanthropist, was born (died 20/3/1858).

22/12/1767, Jacques Bridaine, French preacher, died (born 21/3/1701).

5/6/1738, Isaac de Beausobre, French theologian, died (born in Niort 8/3/1659).

13/5/1704, Louis Bourdaloue, French Jesuit, died in Paris (born in Bourges 20/8/1632).

21/3/1701, Jacques Bridaine, French preacher, was born (died 22/12/1767).

6/8/1695, Francois de Harlay, 5th Archbishop of Paris, died (born 14/8/1625).

17/10/1690, Marguerite Alacoque, French nun who was beatified by Pope Pius IX in1846, died (born 22/7/1647 near Autun).

8/3/1659, Isaac de Beausobre, French theologian, was born in Niort (died 5/6/1738).

22/7/1647, Marguerite Alacoque, French nun who was beatified by Pope Pius IX in1846, was born near Autun (died 17/10/1690).

19/1/1639, Noel Alexandre, French theologian (died 1724) was born in Rouen.

20/8/1632, Louis Bourdaloue, French Jesuit, was born in Bourges (died in Paris 13/5/1704).

6/9/1618, Jacques Duperron, French cardinal, died (born 15/11/1556).

12/10/1606, Christoph Galen, Prince-Bishop of Munster, was born (died 19/9/1678).

20/4/1588, Johann Bugenhagen, German Protestant reformer, died (born 24/6/1485).

2/2/1587, Francois des Adrets, French Protestant leader, died.

13/9/1565, Guillaume Farel, French religious reformer, died (born 1489).

15/11/1556, Jacques Duperron, French cardinal, was born (died 6/9/1618).

24/9/1545, Albert, Archbishop of Mainz, died.

24/6/1485, Johann Bugenhagen, German Protestant reformer, was born (died 20/4/1558).

18/12/1442, Pierre Cauchon, French Bishop, died.

19/3/1397, Pierre D�Ailly became Bishop of Cambrai.

 

Constable of France

21/9/1626, Francois Lesdiguieres, Constable of France, died (born 1/4/1543).

1/4/1543, Francois Lesdiguieres, Constable of France, was born (died 21/9/1626).

17/2/1490, Charles Bourbon, Constable of France, was born (died 6/5/1527).

 

Economy

25/11/1456, Jacques Couer, French trader, died.

 

Electors

3/1/1571, Joachim II, Elector of Brandenburg, died (born 13/1/1505).

11/7/1535, Joachim I, Elector of Brandenburg, died (born 21/2/1484).

11/3/1486, Albert III, Elector of Brandenburg, died 11/3/1486 in Frankfort (born 9/11/1414 in Tangermunde).

21/2/1484, Joachim I, Elector of Brandenburg, was born (died 11/7/1535).

9/11/1414, Albert III, Elector of Brandenburg, was born in Tangermunde (died 11/3/1486 in Frankfort).

 

13/9/1650, Ferdinand, Elector of Cologne, died (born 7/1/1577).

31/5/1601, Gebhard, Elector of Cologne, died (born 1547).

7/1/1577, Ferdinand, Elector of Cologne, was born (died 13/9/1650).

15/8/1552, Hermann, Elector of Cologne, died (born 14/1/1477).

14/1/1477, Hermann, Elector of Cologne, was born (died 15/8/1552).

 

8/6/1714, Sophia, Electress of Hanover, died.

14/10/1630, Sophia, Electress of Hanover, was born.

 

27/4/1694, John George IV, Elector of Saxony, died (born 18/10/1668).

12/9/1691, John George III, Elector of Saxony, died (born 20/6/1647).

22/8/1680, John George II, Elector of Saxony, died (born 31/5/1613).

18/10/1668, John George IV, Elector of Saxony, was born (died 27/4/1694).

8/10/1656, John George I, Elector of Saxony, died (born 5/3/1585)

20/6/1647, John George III, Elector of Saxony, was born (died 12/9/1691).

31/5/1613, John George II, Elector of Saxony, was born (died 22/8/1680).

21/1/1586, Augustus I, Elector of Saxony, died in Dresden (born 31/7/1526 in Freiberg).

5/3/1585, John George I, Elector of Saxony, was born (died 8/10/1656)

11/7/1553, Maurice, Elector of Saxony, died (born 21/3/1521).

3/3/1554, John Frederick I, Elector of Saxony, died (born 30/6/1503).

16/8/1532, John the Steadfast, Elector of Saxony, died (born 30/6/1468).

31/7/1526, Augustus I, Elector of Saxony, was born in Freiberg (died 21/1/1586 in Dresden).

21/3/1521, Maurice, Elector of Saxony, was born (died 11/7/1553).

30/6/1503, John Frederick I, Elector of Saxony, was born (died 3/3/1554).

30/6/1468, John the Steadfast, Elector of Saxony, was born (died 16/8/1532).

 

Marshals of France

7/6/1888, Edmond Leboeuf, Marshal of France, died (born 5/11/1809)

20/6/1872, Elie Forey, Marshal of France, died (born 5/1/1804).

10/7/1852, Rene Exelmans, Marshal of France, died (born 13/12/1775).

22/3/1852, Auguste Marmont, Marshal of France, died (born 20/7/1774).

10/6/1849, Thomas Bugeaud, Marshal of France, died (born 15/10/1784).

27/10/1846, Louis Bourmont, Marshal of France, died

25/1/1844, Jean d�Erlon, Marchal of France, died (born 29/7/1765).

20/4/1842, Bon Moncey, Marshal of France, died (born 31/7/1754).

7/9/1840, Jacques MacDonald, Marshal of France, died (born 17/11/1765).

28/7/1835, Edoaurd Mortier, Marshal of France, died (born 13/2/1768).

17/3/1830, Laurent Gouvion, Marshal of France, died (born 13/5/1764).

1/6/1823, Louis Davout, Marshal of France, died (born 10/5/1770).

14/9/1820, Pierre Lefebvre, Marshal of France, died (born 20/10/1755).

2/8/1815, Guillaume Brune, Marshal of France, died (born 13/3/1763).

13/2/1811, Achille Bazaine, French Marshal, was born in Versailles (died in Madrid 23/9/1888).

5/11/1809, Edmond Leboeuf, Marshal of France, was born (died 7/6/1888)

27/6/1809, Francois Canrobert, Marshal of France, was born (died 28/1/1895).

5/1/1804, Elie Forey, Marshal of France, was born (died 20/6/1872).

15/10/1784, Thomas Bugeaud, Marshal of France, was born (died 10/6/1849).

13/12/1775, Rene Exelmans, Marshal of France, was born (died 10/7/1852).

20/7/1774, Auguste Marmont, Marshal of France, was born (died 22/3/1852).

12/12/1772, Bertand Clausel, Marshal of France, was born (died 21/4/1842).

10/5/1770, Louis Davout, Marshal of France, was born (died 1/6/1823).

11/4/1769, Jean Lannes, Marshal of France, was born (died 31/5/1809).

13/2/1768, Edoaurd Mortier, Marshal of France, was born (died 28/7/1835).

23/10/1766, Emmanuel Grouchy, Marshal of France, was born (died 29/5/1847).

17/11/1765, Jacques MacDonald, Marshal of France, was born (died 7/9/1840).

29/7/1765, Jean d�Erlon, Marshal of France, was born (died 15/1/1884).

13/5/1764, Laurent Gouvion, Marshal of France, was born (died 17/3/1830).

13/3/1763, Guillaume Brune, Marshal of France, was born (died 2/8/1815).

29/4/1762, Jean Jourdan, Marshall of France, was born (died 23/11/1833).

20/10/1755, Pierre Lefebvre, Marshal of France, was born (died 14/9/1820).

31/7/1754, Bon Moncey, Marshal of France, was born (died 20/4/1842).

28/5/1735, Francois Kellerman, Marshal of France, was born (died 23/9/1820).

12/6/1734, James Berwick, French Marshal, died at the siege of Philipsburg (born in Moulins 21/8/1670).

22/8/1711, Louis Boufflers, French Marshal, died in Fontainebleau (born 10/1/1644).

23/12/1675, Cesar Choiseul, French Marshal, died (born 1602).

21/8/1670, James Berwick, French Marshal, was born in Moulins (died at the siege of Philipsburg 12/6/1734).

17/5/1660, Abraham de Fabert, Marshal of France, died (born 1599).

8/1/1628, Francois Luxemburg, Marshal of France, was born (died 4/1/1695).

15/3/1567, Anne Montmorency, Marshal of France, died.

26/10/1440, Gilles de Rais, Marshal of France, was hanged.

 

Military

6/11/1960, Erich Raeder, German Naval Commander during World War II, died aged 84

29/9/1889, Louis Faidherbe, French General, died (born 3/6/1818).

23/9/1888, Achille Bazaine, French Marshal, died in Madrid (born in Versailles 13/2/1811).

21/10/1887, Jean Jaureguiberry, French Admiral, died (born 26/8/1815).

17/6/1885, Edwin Manteuffel, Prussian Field Marshal, died (born 24/2/1809).

1/2/1885, Stanislas Dupuy, French naval architect, died (born 15/10/1816).

4/1/1883, Antoine Chanzy, French General, died (born 18/3/1823).

15/6/1882, Ernest Cissey, French General, died (born 23/9/1810).

23/2/1879, Albrecht Roon, Prussian Field-Marshall, died (born 30/4/1803).

17/12/1877, Aurelle de Paladines, French General, died in Versailles (born 9/1/1804 in Malzieu, Lozere).

14/2/1877, Nicolas Changarnier, French General, died (born 26/4/1793)

23/1/1872, Gustav Hindersin, Prussian General, died (born 18/7/1804).

24/3/1869, Antoine Jomini, French General, died (born 6/3/1779).

11/9/1865, Christophe Lamoriciere, French General, died (born 11/9/1806).

8/4/1865, Erich von Ludendorff, German soldier, was born.

10/1/1864, Francois Hamelin, French Admiral, died (born 2/9/1796).

28/10/1857, Louis Cavaignac, French General, died (born 15/10/1802)

17/4/1852, Etienne Gerard, French General, died (born 4/4/1773).

16/1/1851, Friedrich Muffling, Prussian General Field Marshal, died

24/4/1849, Joseph Gallieni, French soldier, was born.

20/4/1848, Friedrich Balduin, German soldier, died (born 24/10/1794).

2/6/1844, Jean Marbot, French soldier, died.

31/1/1844, Henri Bertrand, French General, died in Chateauroux (born 1773)

1/6/1843, Karl Grolman, Prussian soldier, died (born 30/7/1777).

6/2/1842, Alfred Dodds, French General, was born.

1/12/1838, Claude Choiseul-Stainville, French soldier, died (born 1760).

25/6/1838, Francois Haxo, French military engineer, died (born 24/6/1774).

29/4/1837, George Boulanger, French General, was born in Rennes (committed suicide in Brussels 30/9/1891).

24/8/1831, August Gneisenau, Prussian Field-Marshal, died (born 1760).

23/1/1830, Gaston Galliffet, French General, was born (died 8/7/1909).

12/6/1828, Jacques Lauriston, French soldier, died (born 1/2/1768).

21/11/1827, Christian Massenbach, Prussian soldier, died.

2/8/1823, Lazare Carnot, French General, died (born 1753).

18/3/1823, Antoine Chanzy, French General, was born (died 4/1/1883).

22/5/1822, Charles Lefebvre-Desnoettes, French cavalry General, died,

4/4/1817, Andre Massena, one of Napoleon�s Marshals, died (born 6/5/1756).

2/10/12/1816, August Goeben, Prussian General, was born (died 1880)

15/10/1816, Stanislas Dupuy, French naval architect, was born (died 1/2/1885).

12/6/1816, Pierre Augereau, French soldier, died.

3/6/1818, Louis Faidherbe, French general, was born (died 29/9/1889).

25/2/1816, Friedrich Bulow, Prussian General, died (born 16/2/1755).

26/8/1815, Jean Jaureguiberry, French Admiral, was born (died 21/10/1887).

9/1813, Jean Moreau, French General, died (born 14/2/1763).

29/7/1813, Andoche Junot, French General, died (born 23/10/1771).

23/5/1813, Geraud Duroc, French General, died (born 25/10/1772).

23/9/1810, Ernest Cissey, French general, was born (died 15/6/1882).

30/7/1810, Leonhard Blumenthal, Prussian Field-Marshal, was born in Schwedt on Oder (killed at Quellendorf 21/12/1900).

21/1/1810, Pierre Failly, French general, was born (died 1892).

24/2/1809, Edwin Manteuffel, Prussian Field Marshal, was born (died 17/6/1885).

26/4/1807, Charles Frossard, French General, was born (died 25/8/1875).

11/9/1806, Christophe Lamoriciere, French General, was born (died 11/9/1865).

18/7/1804, Gustav Hindersin, Prussian General, was born (died 23/1/1872).

15/10/1802, Louis Cavaignac, French General, was born (died 28/10/1857).

27/6/1800, Theophile la Tour, French soldier, died (born 23/12/1743).

19/9/1797, Lazare Hoche, French General, died (born 24/6/1768)

21/9/1796, Francois Marceau-Desgraviers, French General, died (born 1/3/1769).

2/9/1796, Francois Hamelin, French Admiral, was born (died 10/1/1864).

24/10/1794., Friedrich Balduin, German soldier, was born (died 20/4/1848).

15/10/1793, Louis Lescure, French soldier and anti-Revolutionary, was killed.

28/8/1793, Adam Custine, French General, was guillotined.

14/9/1783, Gaspar Gourgaud, French soldier, was born (died 1852).

26/4/1793, Nicolas Changarnier, French General, was born (died 14/2/1877).

3/7/1792, Ferdinand, Prussian General, died (born 12/1/1721).

13/1/1790, Luc Urbain Guichen, French Admiral, died (born 1712).

3/9/1781, Eugene de Beauharnais, French soldier and stepson of Napoleon I, was born in Paris (died 1824).

6/3/1779, Antoine Jomini, French General, was born (died 24/3/1869).

30/7/1777, Karl Grolman, Prussian soldier, was born (died 1/6/1843).

24/6/1774, Francois Haxo, French military engineer, was born (died 25/6/1838).

4/4/1773, Etienne Gerard, French General, was born (died 17/4/1852).

25/10/1772, Geraud Duroc, French General, was born (died 23/5/1813).

2/8/1772, Louis Enghien, French soldier, was born (died 1804).

23/10/1771, Andoche Junot, French General, was born (died 29/7/1813).

14/4/1769, Barthelemy Joubert, French General, was born (died 15/8/1799).

13/4/1769, Charles Decaen, French soldier, was born (died 1832).

1/3/1769, Francois Marceau-Desgraviers, French General, was born (died 21/9/1796).

10/1/1769, Michel Ney, French Army marshal, the most famous of Napoleon�s marshals, was born in Saarlouis, son of a cooper.

24/6/1768, Lazare Hoche, French General, was born (died 19/9/1797)

1/2/1768, Jacques Lauriston, French soldier, was born (died 12/6/1828).

9/5/1766, Thomas Lally, French General, was beheaded.

24/9/1764, Joseph Dessaix, French General, was born (died 26/10/1834).

14/2/1763, Jean Moreau, French General, was born (died 2/9/1813).

12/9/1759, Veran Montcalm, French soldier, died (born 28/2/1712).

6/5/1756, Andre Massena, one of Napoleon�s Marshals, was born (died 4/4/1817).

16/2/1755, Friedrich Bulow, Prussian General, was born (died 25/2/1816).

18/8/1754, Francois Chasseloup-Laubat, French General, was born (died 1833).

26/6/1754, Gabriel Montgomery, French soldier, died.

23/11/1753, Guillaume Dumas, French General, was born (died 16/10/1837).

10/11/1753, Bertrand la Bourdonnais, French naval Commender, died (born 11/2/1699).

23/4/1753, Francois Bouvet, French Captain, was born (died 21/7/1832).

9/3/1753, Jean Kleber, French General, was born (died 14/6/1800).

19/10/1751, Charles Kilmaine, French general, was born (died 15/12/1799).

23/12/1743, Theophile la Tour, French soldier, was born (died 27/6/1800).

16/12/1742, Gebhard Blucher, Prussian General, was born in Silesia (died in Silesia 12/9/1819).

27/9/1736, Rene Duguay-Trouin, French sea captain, died (born 10/6/1673).

9/10/1735, Karl Brunswick, German General, was born (died at the Battle of Quatre Bras, 16/7/1815).

4/3/1733, Claude de Forbin, French naval commander, died (born 1656).

12/1/1721, Ferdinand, Prussian General, was born (died 3/7/1792).

31/7/1720, Emmanuel Aiguillon, French soldier, was born (died 1782).

15/9/1715, Jean Gribeauval, French General,was born (died 1789).

28/2/1712, Veran Montcalm, French soldier, was born (died 12/9/1759).

11/2/1699, Bertrand la Bourdonnais, French Naval Commander, was born (died 10/11/1753).

11/6/1696, Francis Keith, Prussian Field Marshal, was born (died 14/10/1758).

17/11/1690, Charles Montausier, French soldier, died (born 6/10/1610).

2/2/1688. Abraham Duquesne, French naval officer, died.

21/12/1681, Claude Prost, French military leader, died (born 17/6/1607).

10/6/1673, Rene Duguay-Trouin, French sea captain, was born (died 27/9/1736).

21/10/1650, Jean Bart, French naval commander, was born in Dunkirk (died 1702).

8/7/1636, Sir John Hepburn, Scottish soldier, killed at the siege of Zabern, Thirty Years War.

6/10/1610, Charles Montausier, French soldier, was born (died 17/11/1690).

17/6/1607, Claude Prost, French military leader, was born (died 21/12/1681).

19/2/1602, Philippe Mercoeur, French soldier, died (born 9/9/1558).

9/9/1558, Philippe Mercoeur, French soldier, was born (died 19/2/1602).

20/8/1528, Georg von Frundsberg, German soldier, died (born 24/9/1473).

15/8/1528, Odet de Foix, Vicomte de Lautrec, French military leader (born 1485) died.

24/9/1473, Georg von Frundsberg, German soldier, was born (died 20/8/1528).

24/11/1468, Jean Dunois, French commander who achieved many victories against the English during the Hundred Years War, died (born 1403).

24/5/1446, Ambrose de Lore, French military commander, died.

23/4/1407, Olivier de Clisson, French soldier, died (born 1336).

 

Politicians diplomats, and Statesmen

15/1/1949. Konrad Adenauer became Chancellor of West Germany (born 15/1/1876).

17/10/1899, Maximilian Gagern, German politician, died (born 26/3/1810).

16/9/1886, Louis Decazes, French politician, died (born 1819).

27/8/1884, Vincent Auriol, French statesman, was bornin Revel, Haute Garonne.

5/1/1884, Eduard Lasker, German politician, died (born 14/10/1829).

31/12/1882, Leon Gambetta, French statesman, died (born 2/4/1838).

6/12/1882, Louis Blanc, French politician, died in Cannes (born in Madrid 29/10/1811).

28/6/1881, Jules Dufaure, French politician, died (born 4//12/1798).

19/5/1881, Harry Arnim, German diplomat, died (born 3/10/1824).

22/5/1880, Heinrich Gagern, German politician, died (20/8/1799).

102/1880, Isaac Cremieux, French statesman, died (born 1796).

20/1/1880, Jules Favre, French statesman, died (born 21/3/1809).

18/1/1880, Antoine Gramont, French statesman died (born 14/8/1819).

4/1/1880, Marthe Montalivet, French statesman, died (born 25/4/1801).

31/10/1878, Louis Garnier-Pages, French politician, died (born 1803).

2/7/1876, Wilhelm Cuno, German statesman, was born at Suhl.

23/12/1875, Louis la Gueronniere, French politician, died.

31/12/1874, Alexandre Ledru-Rollin, French politician, died (born 2/2/1807).

12/9/1874, Francois Guizot, French statesman, died (born 4/10/1787).

6/8/1873, Camille Barrot, French politician, died in Bougival (born in Villefort, Lozere 19/9/1791).

25/1/1870, Achille Duc de Broglie, French statesman, died (born 28/11/1785).

29/11/1868, Antoine Berryer, French statesman, died in Augerville (born 1790).

6/5/1868, Louis Cormenin, French political lobbyist, died (born 6/1/1788).

7/1/1867, Henri, Marquis de la Rochejacquelin, died (born 28/9/1805).

8/11/1865, Andre Dupin, French statesman, died (born 1/2/1783).

10/3/1865, Charles Morny, French statesman, died (born 21/10/1811)

5/12/1860, Friedrich Dahlmann, German politician, died (born 13/5/1785).

3/9/1859, Jean Jaures, French Socialist leader, was born.

24/6/1858, Jean Laguerre, French politician, was born.

28/5/1857, Jean Hyde de Neuville, French politician, died (born 24/1/1776).

21/8/1853, Charles Montholon, French soldier, died.

21/5/1853, Jacques Cavaignac, French politician, was born (died 25/9/1905).

23/4/1853, Jules Lemire, French social reformer, was born.

1/3/1852, Theophile Delcasse, French statesman, was born.

5/2/1852, Arnail Jaucourt, French politician, died (born 14/11/1757).

5/11/1851, Charles Dupuy, French statesman, was born.

21/5/1851, Victor Bourgeois, French statesman, was born in Paris.

2/10/1847, Paul von Hindenburg, German politician, was born.

2/4/1847, Gustave Mesurier, French politician, was born.

16/3/1846, Jules Joffrin, French politician, was born (died 17/9/1890).

5/2/1846, John Most, German anarchist, was born (died 17/4/1906).

11/11/1845, Jules Guesde, French socialist, was born.

5/5/1845, Eleonore Cavaignac, French politician, died.

29/1/1844, Ernst I, Duke of Saxe Coburg Gotha, died (born 2/1/1784).

6/9/1843, Yves Guyot, French politician, was born.

20/1/1843, Pierre Cambon, French diplomat, was born.

13/7/1842, Ferdinand Philippe, Duke of Orleans, died

1/11/1841, Charles Laisant, French politician, was born.

23/6/1841, Etienne Garnier-Pages, French politician, died (born 27/12/1801).

8/2/1841, Jean Montgaillard, French political agent, died (born 16/11/1761).

13/1/1841, Bertrand Barere, French politician, died (born in Tarbes 10/9/1755).

5/1/1841, Andre Miot de Melito, French statesman, died (born 9/2/1762).

23/11/1840, Louis Bonald, French politician, died (born near Millau 2/10/1754).

8/6/1840, Jean Bouchotte, French politician, died (born in Metz 25/12/1754).

22/2/1840, Ferdinand Bebel, German Socialist, was born in Cologne.

4/2/1840, Antoine Boulay, French politician, died in Paris (born in Vosges 19/2/1761).

18/7/1838, Edouard Lockroy, French politician, was born.

20/5/1838, Felix Meline, French politician, was born.

2/4/1838, Leon Gambetta, French statesman, was born (died 31/12/1882).

19/4/1837, Johann Ancillon, Prussian statesman and historian, died (born 30/4/1766 in Berlin).

12/2/1837, Francois Barbe-Marbois, French politician (born 1745 in Metz) died.

7/3/1836, Count Antoine Francais, French politician, died (born 1756).

3/1/1836, Marie Fourtou, French politician, was born (died 1897).

18/9/1835, Jean Courvoisier, French politician, died

25/7/1835, Francois Mallarme, French Revolutionist, died (born 25/2/1755).

21/7/1835, Eugene Brisson, French statesman, was born.

24/6/1835, Jacques Beugnot, French politician, died (born in Bar sur Aube 1761).

18/3/1835, Christian Bernstorff, Prussian statesman, died (born in Copenhagen 3/4/1769).

6/10/1834, Alfred Naquet, French politician, was born.

7/2/1834, Louis Bourrienne, French politician, died in Caen (born in Sens 9/7/1769).

3/5/1833, Jean Constans, French politician, was born at Beziers (died 7/4/1913 in Paris).

27/4/1833, Joseph Emmerich, French politician, died (born 30/5/1773).

27/3/1833, Julien Gaston, French politician, was born.

30/7/1832, Jean Chaptal, French statesman, died (born 4/6/1756).

29/7/1832, Amand Bazard, French Socialist, (born in Paris 1791) died.

5/4/1832, Jules Ferry, French politician, was born (died 17/3/1893).

20/5/1831, Henri Gregoire, French Revolutionary died (born 4/12/1750).

24/2/1831, Georg Caprivi, German statesman (died 6/2/1899) was born.

9/12/1830, Friedrich Geffcken, German statesman, was born (died 1/5/1896).

28/7/1830, Alexandre Hauterive, French statesman, died (born 14/4/1754).

29/5/1830, Louis Gohier, French politician, died (born 27/2/1746).

14/10/1829, Eduard Lasker, German politician, was born (died 5/1/1884).

5/9/1829, Pierre Daru, French statesman, died (born 12/1/1767).

24/3/1829, Jean Cavaignac, French politician, died (born 1762).

18/3/1829, Alexandre Lameth, French politician, died (born 20/10/1760).

19/2/1829, Johann von Miquel, German statesman, was born (died 8/9/1901).

26/11/1828, Rene Goblet, French politician, was born (died 13/9/1905).

14/11/1828, Charles Freycinet, French statesman, was born.

2/10/1828, Charles Floquet, French politician, was born (died 18/1/1896).

10/8/1827, Paul Falk, German politician, was born (died 1900).

1/6/1827, Charles Freppel, French politician and Bishop, was born (died 12/12/1891).

19/5/1827, Paul Challemel-Lacour, French politician, was born (died 26/10/1896).

27/3/1827, Francois la Rochefoucauld-Liancourt, French statesman, died (born 11/1/1747).

15/1/1827, Michel Lecointe-Puyraveau, French politician, died (born 13/12/1764).

24/3/1826, Mathieu Montmorency, French politician, died (born 10/7/1766).

28/11/1825, Maximilien Foy, French statesman, died (born 3/2/1775).

20/10/1825, Girolamo Lucchesini, Prussian diplomat, died (born 7/5/1751).

17/2/1825, Jean Lindet, French Revolutionist, died

3/10/1824, Harry Arnim, German diplomat, was born (died 1881).

10/7/1824, Rudolf Bennigsen, German politician, was born in Luneburg (died 7/8/1902).

16/6/1824, Charles LeBrun, French statesman, died (born 19/3/1739).

11/4/1824, Jean Drouet, French Revolutionary, died (born 1763).

27/3/1824, Louis la Revelliere-Lepaux, French politician, died (born 24/8/1753).

29/1/1824, Louise Caroline, Countess of Albany, died.

22/7/1823, Ludwig Bamberger, German politician, was born in Mainz (died 1899).

26/11/1822, Karl Hardenberg, Prussian statesman, died (born 31/5/1750).

16/1/1822, Henri Aumale, French statesman, was born in Paris (died in Zucco, Sicily 7/5/1897).

25/12/1820, Joseph Fouche, French statesman, died (born 21/5/1763).

14/4/1820, Pierre Chesnelong, French politician, was born (died1894).

14/8/1819, Antoine Gramont, French statesman was born (died 18/1/1880).

14/8/1818, Francois Joinville, French statesman, was born (died 16/6/1900).

13/8/1816, Heinrich Gneist, German politician, was born (died 22/7/1895)

6/8/1817, Pierre Dupont, French statesman, died (born 14/9/1739).

29/4/1817, Vincent Benedetti, French diplomat, was born in Bastia, Corsica (died in Paris 28/3/1900).

16/4/1817, Martin Delbruck, Prussian statesman, was born (died 1/2/1903).

26/1/1817, Jean Godin, French socialist, was born (died 1888).

8/4/1815, Edmond Scherer, French politician, was born (died 16/3/1889).

1/4/1815, Otto von Bismarck, German statesman, was born at Schonhausen in Brandenburg.

18/1/1815, Stanislas Boufflers, French statesman, died in Paris (born near Nancy 31/5/1738).

25/10/1814, Louis Charles Duc de Nemours was born (died 26/6/1896).

29/6/1814, Edmond Dubois-Crance, French Revolutionist, died (born 1747).

17/11/1813, Louis Narbonne-Lara, French statesman, died (born 24/8/1755).

21/10/1812, Otto von Camphausen, Prussian statesman (died 18/5/1896) was born.

29/10/1811, Louis Blanc, French politician, was born in Madrid (died in Cannes 6/12/1882).

21/10/1811, Charles Morny, French statesman, was born (died 10/3/1865)

28/9/1811, Friedrich Hecker, German radical politician, was born (died 24/3/1881).

22/5/1810, Eon de Beaumont (Chevalier d�Eon), French politician, died (born 7/10/1728)

26/3/1810, Maximilian Gagern, German politician, was born (died 17/10/1899).

8/8/1809, Heinrich Abeken, Prussian government official, was born (died 1872).

21/3/1809, Jules Favre, French statesman, was born (died 20/1/1880).

15/1/1809, Pierre Joseph Proudhon, French socialist and political writer (died 1895) was born.

12/10/1808, Victor Considerant, French socialist, was born (died 1893).

2/11/1807, Louis Breteuil, French diplomat, died (born 7/3/1730).

2/2/1807 Alexandre Ledru-Rollin, French politician, was born (died 31/12/1874).

28/1/1806, Jean Mounier, French politician, died (died 12/11/1758).

24/11/1805, Jacques Cazales, French politician, died (born 1758).

28/9/1805, Henri, Marquis de la Rochejacquelin, was born (died 7/1/1867).

19/8/1805, Saint Hilaire Barthelemy, French politician, was born in Paris (died 24/11/1895).

8/2/1805, Louis Blanqui, French politician, was born (died1/1/1881).

30/10/1802, Charles Calonne, French statesman (born 1734) died.

12/12/1801, John, King of Saxony, was born (died 19/10/1873).

6/10/1801, Lazare Carnot, French statesman, was born (died 16/3/1888).

25/4/1801, Marthe Montalivet, French statesman, was born (died 4/1/1880).

17/11/1800, Achille Fould, French politician, was born (died 5/10/1867).

20/8/1799, Heinrich Gagern, German politician, was born (died 22/5/1880).

13/12/1797, Louis Legendre, French Revolutionist, died (born 22/5/1752).

8/2/1796, Barthelemy Enfantin, French social reformer, was born (died 1/9/1864).

17/6/1795, Jean Goujon, French politician, died (born 13/4/1766).

3/11/1794, Francois Bernis, French statesman, died in Rome (born 22/5/1715).

18/6/1794, Francois Buzot, French Revolutionary, died (born 1/3/1760).

17/6/1794, Marguerite Guadet, French revolutionary, died (born 20/7/1758).

26/2/1794, Hans Hassenpflug, German statesman, was born (died 15/10/1862).

20/1/1793, Louis Michel le Peletier, French politician, was assassinated (born 29/5/1760).

13/1/1793, Nicolas Bassville, French politician, died (born in Abbeville 7/2/1753).

19/9/1791, Camille Barrot, French politician, was born in Villefort, Lozere (died in Bougival 6/8/1873).

19/2/1790, Thomas Favras, French Royalist, was executed (born 26/3/1744).

6/1/1788, Louis Cormenin, French political lobbyist, was born (died 6/5/1868).

4/10/1787, Francois Guizot, French statesman, was born (died 12/9/1874).

25/8/1786, Ludwig I, King of Bavaria, was born.

28/11/1785, Achille Duc de Broglie, French statesman, was born (died 25/1/1870).

13/5/1785, Friedrich Dahlmann, German politician, was born (died 5/12/1860).

8/5/1785, Etienne Choiseul, French statesman, died (born 18/6/1719).

2/1/1784, Ernst I, Duke of Saxe Coburg Gotha, was born (died 29/1/1844).

1/2/1783, Andre Dupin, French statesman, was born (died 8/11/1865).

21/11/1781, Jean Maurepas, French statesman, died.

24/1/1781, Louis Mole, French statesman, was born (died 23/11/1855).

20/6/1778, Jean Martignac, French statesman, was born (died 3/4/1832).

30/11/1775, Jean Courvoisier, French politician, was born

10/12/1775, Jacques Manuel, French politician, was born (died 20/8/1827).

3/2/1775, Maximilien Foy, French statesman, was born (died 28/11/1825).

30/5/1773, Joseph Emmerich, French politician, was born (died 27/4/1833).

20/8/1772, Henri, Comte de la Rochejacquelin, was born.

5/6/1771, Ernest Augustus, King of Hanover, was born (died 18/11/1851).

9/7/1769, Louis Bourrienne, French politician, was born in Sens (died in Caen 7/2/1834).

3/4/1769, Christian Bernstorff, Prussian statesman, was born in Copenhagen (died 18/3/1835).

24/10/1767, Jacques Lafitte French poliiician, was born (died 26/5/1844).

27/2/1767, Jacques Dupont, French statesman, was born (died 1855).

12/1/1767, Pierre Daru, French statesman, was born (died 5/9/1829).

10/7/1766, Mathieu Montmorency, French politician, was born (died 24/3/1826).

30/4/1766, Johann Ancillon, Prussian statesman and historian, was born in Berlin (died 19/4/1837).

13/4/1766, Jean Goujon, French politician, was born (died 17/6/1795).

29/9/1765, Joseph le Bon, French politician, was born (executed 10/10/1795).

18/8/1765, Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor, died. He was succeeded by Josef II (1741-90).

13/12/1764, Michel Lecointe-Puyraveau, French politician, was born (died 15/1/1827).

28/10/1763, Heinrich Bruhl, German politician, died (born 13/8/1700).

13/9/1762, Antoine Merlin, French Revolutionary, was born (died 14/9/1833).

14/7/1762, Joseph Lakanal, French politician, was born (died 14/2/1845).

9/2/1762, Andre Miot de Melito, French statesman, was born (died 5/1/1841).

22/10/1761, Antoine Barnave, orator of the French Revolution, was born in Grenoble (executed at The Tuileries 29/11/1793).

6/3/1761, Antoine Francois Andreossy, French soldier and diplomat, was born in Castelnaudary (died 1828).

19/2/1761, Antoine Boulay, French politician, was born in Vosges (died in Paris 4/2/1840)

23/11/1760, Francois Babeuf, French political agitator, was born in Saint Quentin (died 1790).

20/10/1760, Alexandre Lameth, French politician, was born (died 18/3/1829).

29/5/1760, Louis Michel le Peletier, French politician, was born (assassinated 20/1/1793).

2/3/1760, Lucie Desmoulins, French politician, was born (died 1794).

1/3/1760, Francois Buzot, French Revolutionary, was born (died 18/6/1794).

26/10/1759, George Danton, French revolutionary, was born (guillotined 5/4/1794).

20/9/1759, Marie Herault, French politician, was born (executed 5/4/1794).

12/11/1758, Jean Mounier, French politician, was born (died 28/1/1806).

10/8/1758, Armand Gensonne, French politician, was born (executed 31/10/1793).

20/7/1758, Marguerite Guadet, French revolutionary, was born (guillotined 17/6/1794).

15/11/1757, Jacques Hebert, French revolutionary, was born (guillotined 24/3/1794).

4/6/1756, Jean Chaptal, French statesman, was born (died 30/7/1832).

13/11/1755, Joseph :Louis, French statesman, was born (died 26/8/1837).

10/9/1755, Bertrand Barere, French politician, was born in Tarbes (died 13/1/1841).

24/8/1755, Louis Narbonne-Lara, French statesman, was born (died 17/11/1813).

25/2/1755, Francois Mallarme, French Revolutionist, was born (died 25/7/1835).

25/12/1754, Jean Bouchotte, French politician, was born in Metz (died 8/6/1840).

8/11/1754, Germain Garnier, French politician, was born (died 4/10/1821).

30/10/1754, Philippe Merlin, French politician, was born (died 26/12/1838).

2/10/1754, Louis Bonald, French politician, was born near Millau (died 23/11/1840).

17/8/1754, Louis Freron, French Revolutionary, was born (died 1802).

12/6/1754, Isaac le Chapelier, French politician, was born (executed 22/4/1794).

14/4/1754, Easter Sunday. Alexandre Hauterive, French statesman, was born (died 28/7/1830).

13/2/1754, Guillaume de Bonne-Carriere, French politician, was born in Languedoc (died 1825).

2/2/1754, Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Perigord, French foreign minister to Louis XVIII and Napoleon Bonaparte, and ambassador to Britain, was born.

18/10/1753, Jean Cambaceres, French statesman, was born (died 1824).

24/8/1753, Louis la Revelliere-Lepaux, French politician, was born (died 27/3/1824).

20/2/1753, Louis Berthier, French politician, was born in Versailles (died in Bamberg 1/6/1815).

7/2/1753, Nicolas Bassville, French politician, was born in Abbeville (died 13/1/1793).

11/6/1752, Christian Haugwitz, German statesman, was born (died 1831).

22/5/1752, Louis Legendre, French Revolutionist, was born (died 13/12/1797).

7/5/1751, Girolamo Lucchesini, Prussian diplomat, was born (died 20/10/1825).

4/12/1750, Henri Gregoire, French Revolutionary was born (died 20/5/1831).

31/5/1750, Karl Hardenberg, Prussian statesman, was born (died 26/11/1822).

18/2/1750, Georg Bilfinger, German statesman, died in Stuttgart (was born in Wurttemberg 23/1/1693).

28/1/1750, Mederic Moreau, French politician, was born.

9?3/1749, Honore Mirabeau, French statesman, was born (died 2/4/1791).

11/1/1747, Francois la Rochefoucauld-Liancourt, French statesman, was born (died 27/3/1827).

27/2/1746, Louis Gohier, French politician, was born (died 29/5/1830).

9/12/1745, Claude Fournier, French Revolutionary, was born (died 1825).

22/9/1744, Claude Fauchet, French Revolutionary Bishop, was born (died 30/10/1793).

26/3/1744, Thomas Favras, French Royalist, was born (executed 19/2/1790).

17/9/1743, Marie Condorcet, French Revolutionary, was born (died 1794).

24/5/1743, Jean Paul Marat, French revolutionary, was born (died 13/7/1793).

29/1/1743, Andre Fleury, French statesman, died (born 22/6/1653).

29/7/1742, Armand Kersaint, French politician, was born (executed 4/12/1793).

14/9/1739, Pierre Dupont, French statesman, was born (died 6/8/1817).

19/3/1739, Charles LeBrun, French statesman, was born (died 16/6/1824).

31/5/1738, Stanislas Boufflers, French statesman, was born near Nancy (died in Paris 18/1/1815).

6/5/1738, Robespierre, French revolutionary, was born in Arras.

14/7/1736, Simon Linguet, French politician, was born (guillotined 27/6/1794).

7/3/1730, Louis Breteuil, French diplomat, was born (died 2/11/1807).

7/10/1728, Eon de Beaumont (Chevalier d�Eon, French politician, was born (died 22/5/1810).

1/9/1727, Jean Gobel, French politician, was born (guillotined 12/4/1794).

22/5/1725, Ewald Hertzberg, Prussian statesman, was born (died 22/5/1795).

22/9/1723, Jacques Basnage, French politician, died (born in Rouen 1653).

10/8/1723, Guillaume Dubois, French statesman, died (born 6/9/1656).

6/12/1721, Chretien Malesherbes, French statesman, was born (guillotined 23/4/1794).

14/4/1721, Michel Chamillart, French statesman, died (born 1652).

28/6/1719, Etienne Choiseul, French statesman, was born (died 8.5.1785).

22/5/1715, Francois Bernis, French statesman, was born (died in Rome 3/11/1794).

13/8/1700, Heinrich Bruhl, German politician, was born (died 28/10/1763).

23/1/1693, Georg Bilfinger, German statesman, was born in Wurttemberg (died in Stuttgart 18/2/1750).

16/7/1691, Francois Louvois, War Minister to Louis XIV of France, died.

30/10/1685, Michel le Tellier, French statesman, died (born 19/4/1603).

6/9/1683, Jean Colbert, French politician, died (born 1619).

1/9/1671, Hugues de Lionne, French statesman, died (born 11/10/1611).

6/9/1656, Guillaume Dubois, French statesman, was born (died 10/8/1723).

3/1/1656, Mathieu Mole, French statesman, died.

13/3/1652, Claude Bouthillier, French statesman, died in Paris (born 1581).

6/8/1651, Francois Fenelon, French author and Archbishop of Cambrai (1695-1715) was born in Perigord (died 7/1/1715 in Cambrai).

10/9/1648, Nicolas Desmarets, French statesman, was born (died 1721).

12/10/1646, Francois de Bassompierre, French courtier (born 1579) died in Tillieres, Normandy.

12/9/1642, Henri Cinq-Mars, French courtier, was executed (born 1620).

14/8/1625, Francois de Harlay, 5th Archbishop of Paris, was born (died 6/8/1895).

11/11/1623, Philippe de Mornay, French politician, died (born 5/11/.1549).

24/4/1617, Concino Concini, Minister of King Louis, died.

11/10/1611, Hugues de Lionne, French statesman, was born (died 1/9/1671).

19/4/1603, Michel le Tellier, French statesman, was born (died 30/10/1685).

14/7/1602, Cardinal Mazarin, politician, was born.

4/2/1575, Pierre de Berulle, French statesman, was born near Troyes (died 2/10/1629).

13/3/1573, Michel de l�Hopital, French statesman, died.

2/12/1560, Charles de Marillac, French diplomat, died.

5/11/1549, Philippe de Mornay, French politician, was born (died 11/11/1623).

30/3/1540, Matthaus Lang von Wellenburg, German statesman, died.

12/5/1523, Imbert de Batarnay, French statesman, died.