Chronography of Guatemala
Page last modified 21 August 2023
2003, Oscar Berger was elected President, for the Grand National Alliance Party. However turnout was well under 50%
1999, The Truth Commission blamed the Army and paramilitary organisations for many human rights abuses during the civil war.
1998, Bishop Juan Gerardi, Human Rights campaigner, was murdered.
4/11/1960, Anacafe, (Asociacion Naacional del Caf�) founded in Guatemala City to increase the world market share of coffee grown in Guatemala.
12/2/1958, General Miguel Fuentes was elected President of Guatemala.
26/7/1957, Colonel Carlos Castillo Armas, dictatorial President of Guatemala, was assassinated by a palace guard with Leftist sympathies. He had had failed to bring prosperity to Guatemala. Guerillas began to operate across the country, opposed by a succession of brutal military regimes. These regimes killed an estimated 200,000 Guatemalans, mostly indigenous Mayan peasants, and razed thousands of villages in a scorched earth policy. Some Guatemalans looked back with nostalgia to the �quiet days� before 1944. Many of these Mayans, some 70,000, were murdered under the regime of General Efrain Rios Montt, 1982-3.
11/1950, Colonel Carlos Castillo, of the Guatemalan Army, attempted to overthrow the civilian goverment. On failing, he fled into exile.
1945, Liberal reformer Juan Jose Arevalo won the 1945 elections.
1944, Revolution against the dictatorial leader Jorge Ubico Castaneda. Civilian government was restored.
2/4/1885, President Barrios was killed at the Battle of Chalchupa, after he had tried to fulfil his desire for a new United Provinces by force and led his army into El Salvador.
23/2/1885, President Barrios of Guatemala again called for the re-establishment of a United Central American Republic, with himself as President.
1876, The President of Guatemala, JR Barrios, attempted to restore the United Provinces of Central America, but his efforts came to nothing.
1873, Granados retired as President and was succeeded by Barrios, former commander in chief of the army. Barrios exercised dictatorial rule, reducing the influence of the Church
1871, A long period of Conservative rule in Guatemala ended when the Liberals mounted a coup, led by Miguel Garcia Granados (1809-78) and Justo Rufino Barrios (1835-1885) captured tha capital. Giuatemala City, after a 90-day campaign and Granados became President.
1859, Britain agreed with Guatemala to build a highway connecting Guatemala City to the Caribbean coast, in exchange for Guatemala recognising the integrity of Belizean territory. Guatemala has had a long-standing claim on the southern 53% of Belize. Belize came into existence as a British colony when Spain agreed to let Britain cut mahogany in what is now northern Belize; however British cutters gradually moved southwards too. When Spain retreated from Latin America in the 1800s, Britain claimed the entire territory, naming it British Honduras. In the event, Britain never built the promised road, and Guatemala claims to have inherited the southern half of modern Belize from Spain.
1841, Guatemala became independent from the United Provinces of Central America.
1/7/1823, An assembly at Guatemala City declared the independence of the United Provinces of Central America.
17/4/1839, The Republic of Guatemala was established.
1823, Guatemala, became part of the United Provinces of Central America.
1821, Guatemala proclaimed its imndependence from Spain.
1524, First Spanish penetration into what is now Guatemala.