Chronography of Uganda
Page last modified 21 August 2023
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2006, The Ugandan Govermnent and the Lords Resistance Army signed a truce.
10 October 2005, Milton Obote, President of Uganda, died
16 August 2003. Idi Amin, former (mad) dictator of Uganda, died. He was born in January 1925 into a Nubian tribe in the West Nile region. In 1946 he joined the King�s Africa Rifles as a cook. At 6� 4��tall, weighing 16 stone, he was a good boxer, and was Ugandan heavyweight champion for nine years. He was also a good marksman, but missed out on army promotion when he was found in bed with a colleague�s wife and had to flee naked down the street.
His ruthless nature emerged during the Mau-Mau rebellions of the 1950s, when he would line the tribesmen up with their penises on a table and threaten to chop them off with a machete unless they revealed their hidden weapons caches. He was never court-martialled, despite torturing to death three Kenyan tribesmen. He was a sergeant-major at Uganda�s independence in 1962, and was a close aide of President Milton Obote until Obote began to ask questions about arms spending.
On 25 January 1971, whilst Obote was abroad, Amin, by now a general, sent tanks into the capital, Kampala, and declared Uganda to be under his military rule. He first purged the ranks of the military; 32 senior officers were killed in one go when their barracks was blown up. Other officers were shot, hanged, or beheaded. Amin set up the State Research Bureau, whose 3,000 officers could intern people on mere suspicion of sedition. Survivors of these internment camps told of being forced to smash other prisoner�s heads with sledgehammers, or even being forced to butcher, cook, and eat them, in order to be spared themselves. Many victims were thrown to the crocodiles in the Nile at Karume Falls Bridge.
During his eight year rule of Uganda, over 300,000 Ugandans were killed by his administration, sometimes publicly, on television. He was reputed to have kept the heads of his more powerful opponents in a fridge, so he could carry on berating them; he admitted to occasional cannibalism, disliking not the act itself but the taste of human flesh � he found it too salty. He murdered his first wife�s uncle, who was also his Foreign Minister; soon after divorcing his second wife her dismembered body was found in a car boot. He divorced another two wives over the radio. On 10 August 1972 Amin denounced Uganda�s 70,000 Asians as crooks, racketeers, and racists who prevented their daughters from marrying Africans and gave them 90 days to leave the country, minus all their assets; they were permitted one suitcase each. This effectively stripped Uganda of all its civil servants, administrators, and business leaders. Some 80% of Uganda�s businesses were left leaderless, and British businesses were nationalised the following year.
Amin claimed Scotland had offered him its crown if he helped it separate from Britain, and he took to wearing a kilt. He proposed to patch up Anglo-Ugandan relation by marrying Princess Anne. Idi Amin advised Nixon to jail the opposition during the Watergate scandal. Amin sent a message of support to Kurt Waldheim, former Nazi who became Secretary general at the UN, after Waldheim was accused of war crimes; Amin said Hitler�s only mistake was to lose the war. In Uganda, Amin forbade facial hair, shorts for men and trousers and mini-skirts for women; he banned flip-flops and forced two offenders to eat theirs.
The Entebbe crisis of 1976 was the beginning of the end of Amin�s rule. In revenge for an Israeli raid on the airport to free hostages held by Palestinian guerrillas, the Ugandan army killed an elderly British woman, Dora Bloch. By 1978 every non-Arab nation had severed relations with Uganda, which was in ruins economically. Amin then invaded Tanzania. He sent President Julius Nyere a telegram saying �I love you so much if you were a woman I would marry you�, even as Ugandan troops were slaughtering Tanzanians and their livestock over 700 square miles of Tanzania. Ugandan rebel forces joined with the Tanzanian army and Amin�s regime fell on 10 April 1979.
Amin managed to escape, first to Libya, then Iraq and finally Saudi Arabia. He gave up his flamboyant uniform for Muslim robes and a skull-cap, and appeared to be a devout Muslim, living in a luxurious villa in Jeddah. Giving up alcohol, he was said to eat 40 oranges a day �to keep up his sex drive�. Amin drove a white range-rover, switching to a blue Cadillac on his birthday.
On 18 July 2003 he was admitted to a Saudi hospital with kidney problems, having suffered for years with high blood pressure. He fell into a coma and died on 16 August 2003.
2002, Uganda withdrew its forces after intervening in the Congo civil war.
17 March 2000, In Kanungu, Uganda, a sect calling itself the Movement for the Restoration of the Ten Commandments of God burnt themselves to death inside their church.
1999, Sudan agreed to let Ugandan troops enter Sudanese territory in pursuit of the Lords Resistance Army.
11 May 1996, Yoweri Kaguta Museveni won the first free Presidential elections in Uganda.
12 January 1989, Former Ugandan President Idi Amin was expelled from Zaire; he sought refuge in Senegal.
1986, Museveni seized power.
27 July 1985, Ugandan President Milton Obote, who regained power in 1980 after being deposed by Idi Amin in 1971, was overthrown in a military coup. He was replaced by General Tito Okello.
10 December 1980. In the first elections in Uganda for 18 years, Dr Milton Obote was declared the winner.
11 April 1979. Kampala, capital of Uganda, was captured by Tanzanian forces who deposed General Idi Amin. Fighting continued in Uganda, and on 22 April 1979 Tanzanian forces captured Jinja, 50 miles from Kampala. Idi Amin fled to Libya as troops closed in on his capital.
8 September 1967, Uganda became a republic, with Milton Obote as the first President. The former Ugandan Constitution was abolished, and Obote now enjoyed wide-ranging powers.
1966, Milton Obote accused Freddie of trying to overthrow the central government. Federal troops under a young colonel called Idi Amin stormed the Royal Baganda Palace, forcing Freddie into exile.
25 October 1962, Uganda was admitted to the United Nations, as the 110th member.
9 October 1962. Uganda became independent, after 62 years of British rule. The state was set up as a Federation of Buganda and three other kingdons. Milton Obote from the northern Lango tribe was the first Prime Minister. Freddie, King of the southern Buganda Kingdom became President of Uganda in 1963.
See 25 January 1971.
1 March 1962, Uganda achieved full self-government, with Benedicto Kiwanuka as Prime Minister.
29 April 1954, Queen Elizabeth II opened the Owen Falls hydroelectric dam at Owen Falls, Uganda.
28 December 1924, Milton Obote, President of Uganda, was born.
23 May 1908, Famine in Uganda killed 4,000.
Uganda becomes a British colony
10 March 1900, Regents for the King of Uganda signed a treaty with Britain accepting UK sovereignty of their country.
11 April 1894. Britain established a protectorate over Buganda. It then incorporated other regions to form the present country of Uganda.
1890, Britain and Germany reached an agreement; the UK was to colonise Uganda, and Germany to colonise Tangynika.