Page last modified 18 August 2023

 

French Guiana

Community

Area 85,534 square kilometres

Population,


30,000 (1850)

25,157 (1890)

32,908 (1901)

30,876 (1936)

25,500 (1950)

32,200 (1960) +26.3%

48,000 (1970) +49.1%

67,000 (1980) +39.6%

115,800 (1990) +72.8%

163,200 (2000) +40.9%

234,200 (2010) +43.5%

298,700 (2020) +27.5%


Ethnicity, %

 

Amerindian

S E Asian

Black

White

2000

3.5

5.5

65.0

14.0

Religion,

 

Animist

Christian

Protestant

Christian

R C

1900

4.8

0.0

92.8

1970

2.5

3.9

87.6

2001

 

 

55.0

Birth and death rates Below replacement rate = 2.1

 

Fertility Rate

Birth

Rate

Infant

Mortality

Death

Rate

% Aged

Under 15

% Aged

Over

65

% Urban

1952

 

28.0 (+12.0)

 

16.0

 

 

44.8

1962

 

30.0 (+17.0)

 

13.0

 

 

50.6

1965

 

 

39.6

 

 

 

 

1972

 

29.0 (+21.0)

 

8.0

47.0

 

56.1

1982

 

28.0 (+21.0)

 

7.0

 

 

 

1995

3.4

 

 

 

 

 

76.4

1997

 

 

14.0

 

 

 

 

1999

3.2

23.7 (+19.2)

 

4.5

 

 

75,1

2003

3.1

21.3 (+16.5)

12.8

4.8

29.9

5.7

 

2005

3.0

20.7 (+15.8)

12.1

4.9

 

 

75.6

2012

 

 

 

3.7

35.0

6.3

 

Life expectancy,


71.5 (1988); 68.0 (M), 75.0 (F)

76.0 (1997); 73.0 (M), 79.0 (F)

76.1 (2000)

77.3 (2006)

80.1 (2020); 77.1 (M), 83.1 (F)


Population of principal cities, MA = Metropolitan Area

 

CAYENNE

Kourou

St Laurent Du Maroni

1936

11,704

 

 

1954

 

563

3,172

1961

18,235

659

3,019

1967

24,581

3,117

5,031

1980

36,215

6,500

6,500

1990

41,600

11,208

13,900

1999

50,594

19,107

19,210

2007

58,008

24,000

34,149

2011

 

25,260

40,462

2015

131,922MA

 

 

Wealth; Gross Domestic Product (nominal values)

 

GDP,

US$ million

Total GDP,

% of USA

GDP per capita,

US$

GDP per capita

% of USA

1966

18

 

500

 

1995

975

 

6,500

 

2007

3,400

 

 

 

2010

 

 

19,890

 

GDP by primary sector

 

Agriculture

% GDP

Agriculture

% employed

Industry

% GDP

Industry

% employed

Services

% GDP

Services

% employed

1961

 

28.0

 

25.9

 

46.1

1967

 

18.4

 

28.5

 

53.1

1980

18.0

 

21.0

 

 

 

1986

 

12.7

 

17.8

 

69.5

1995

 

9.0

 

 

 

 

Communications

Language Official; French

Literacy


72.0% (1961)

74.0% (1967)

83.0% (1990); 84.0% (M), 82.0% (F)


Physical communications � roads and railways

 

Roads (km)

Motor vehicles

Cars

Commercial Vehicles

Railways

(km)

1938

163

 

 

 

50

1950

 

300

 

 

 

1964

 

2,200

 

 

 

1980

590

 

 

 

 

1988

680

 

22,500

1,500

 

1993

 

 

29,100

10,600

 

1996

710

 

 

 

 

2002

 

 

30,000

11,200

0

Electronic communications, TV broadcasts began 1967

 

Telephones (landlines)

Mobile Telephones

Radios

Televisions

PCs

Internet Users

1938

150

 

80

 

 

 

1950

 

 

100

 

 

 

1960

 

 

800

 

 

 

1980

15,542

 

35,000

9,063

 

 

1986

 

 

44,000

 

 

 

1989

28,146

 

 

 

 

 

1990

 

 

 

20,000

 

 

1995

47,000

 

 

27,000

 

 

1997

 

 

104,000

30,000

 

 

1998

 

 

 

37,000

 

 

2000

 

 

 

 

 

2,000

2002

 

38,200

 

 

70,000

 

2004

 

98,000

 

 

33,000

38,000

2008

51,000

 

 

 

 

 

2011

 

 

 

 

 

64,400


Tourism: Visitors to French Guiana,


14,500 (1987)

55,400 (1993)

70,000 (1999)

65,000 (2002)

95,000 (2005)