Page last modified 21 August 2023

 


Guadeloupe

Community

Area 1,631 square kilometres

Population,


134,544 (1850)

182,112 (1901)

200,000 (1913)

304,239 (1936)

208,000 (1950)

275,200 (1960) +32.4%

321,900 (1970) +17.0%

336,600 (1980) +4.6%

389,200 (1990) +15.6%

424,600 (2000) +9.1%

406,100 (2010) -4.4%

400,100 (2020) -1.5%


Birth and death rates Below replacement rate = 2.1

 

Fertility Rate

Birth

Rate

Infant

Mortality

Death

Rate

% Aged

Under 15

% Aged

Over

65

% Urban

1952

 

39.0 (+26.0)

68.0

13.0

39.5

4.3

42.0

1962

 

37.0 (+29.0)

 

8.0

 

 

 

1965

 

 

42.1

 

 

 

 

1972

 

29.0 (+21.0)

 

8.0

43.0

 

49.0

1982

 

21.0 (+14.0)

 

7.0

 

 

 

1988

 

21.0 (+14.0)

 

7.0

 

 

 

1992

2.2

 

 

 

26.3

8.9

 

1998

 

15.5 (+9.5)

 

6.0

 

 

 

2000

1.9

17.3 (+11.3)

9.8

6.0

 

 

99.6

2004

1.9

15.8 (+9.8)

8.8

6.0

24.7

8.9

 

2010

 

 

 

 

 

 

98.3

2012

 

 

 

 

22.0

9.2

 

Life expectancy,


56.5 (1952); 55.0 (M), 58.0 (F)

64.5 (1964); 62.5 (M), 66.5 (F)

68.0 (1972); 65.0 (M), 71.0 (F)

73.5 (1988); 70.0 (M), 77.0 (F)

74.6 (1992); 71.1 (M), 78.0 (F)

78.6 (2002); 75.5 (M), 81.7 (F)

78.5 (2005); 75.3 (M), 81.6 (F)

79.9 (2010)

82.2 (2020); 78.5 (M), 85.5 (F)


Population of islands, (area km2)

 

Basse

Terre

(848)

Grande

Terre

(590)

Ile des

Santes

(13)

La Des-

Iderade

(22)

Maria

Galante

(158)

St Barth-

elemy

(21)

St Martin

(French)

(53)

1936

 

261,810

2,044

1,710

29,746

2,479

6,450

1974

135,746

159,424

3,084

1,682

15,912

2,491

6,191

1982

135,341

163,668

2,901

1,602

13,757

3,059

8,072

1990

149,943

177,570

2,036

1,610

13,463

5,039

28,518

1999

196,797

172,693

2,998

1,620

12,488

6,852

29,078

2008

 

 

3,418

 

 

 

36,500

2014

197,369

187,521

 

1,496

11,066

9,300

 

Population of principal cities,

 

BASSE TERRE

Les Abymes

Point a Pitre

1936

13,638

 

43,551

1954

 

 

26,160

1988

13,796

56,237

25,312

1999

12,410

63,054

20,948

2007

12,451

59,404

17,408

2013

11,395

58,644

15,992

Wealth; Gross Domestic Product (nominal values)

 

GDP,

US$ million

Total GDP,

% of USA

GDP per capita,

US$

GDP per capita

% of USA

1966

140

0.02

440

 

1995

3,900

 

9,500

 

1999

 

 

12,220

 

2007

9,800

0.07

 

 

2010

 

 

24,760

 

GDP by primary sector

 

Agriculture

% GDP

Agriculture

% employed

Industry

% GDP

Industry

% employed

Services

% GDP

Services

% employed

1946

 

50.2

 

23.5

 

 

1970

 

29.0

 

 

 

 

1980

 

15.0

 

 

 

 

1986

 

10.5

 

18.1

 

71.4

1990

 

7.0

 

 

 

 

1997

15.0

5.0

17.0

 

68.0

 

Communications

Language Official; French.Creole also spoken

Literacy

65.0% (19540

83.0% (1967)

90.5% (1990); 90.0% (M), 91.0% (F)

Physical communications � roads and railways

 

Roads (km)

Motor vehicles

Cars

Commercial Vehicles

Railways

(km)

1938

1,150

 

 

 

157

1964

 

22,300

 

 

 

1975

2,050

 

 

 

 

1993

 

 

101,600

37,500

0

1996

3,200

 

 

 

 

Electronic communications TV broadcasts began 1964

 

Telephones (landlines)

Mobile Telephones

Radios

Televisions

PCs

Internet Users

1938

400

 

3,500

 

 

 

1946

462

 

 

 

 

 

1960

 

 

6,400

 

 

 

1977

 

 

 

19,294

 

 

1978

30,730

 

14,000

 

 

 

1981

 

 

 

32,886

 

 

1984

64,915

 

25,000

 

 

 

1996

170,700

 

105,000

115,000

 

 

1999

 

 

 

118,000

 

4,000

2000

204,900

 

 

 

 

 

2004

210,000

314,700

113,000

118,000

90,000

70,000

2005

 

 

 

 

 

79,000

2008

246,000

 

 

 

 

 

2011

 

 

 

 

 

155,700

Tourism: Visitors to Guadeloupe,


140,224 (1979)

331,000 (1990)

640,000 (1995)

603,000 (2000)

521,000 (2001)

455,981 (2004)