Page last modified 20 August 2023

 

Puerto Rico

Community

Area 13,790 square kilometres (land area 8,870 square kilometres)

Population, Census years in bold. Since 2000, economic crises and the threat of hurricanes has produced a population exodus from Puerto Rico.


45,000 (1765)

155,000 (1800)

500,000 (1850)

583,308 (1860)

784,709 (1890)

953,243 (1899)

1,118,012 (1910)

1,869,255 (1940)

2,220,000 (1950) +18.7%

2,358,000 (1960) +6.2%

2,718,000 (1970) +15.3%

3,206,000 (1980) +18.0%

3,562,000 (1990) +11.1%

3,811,000 (2000) +7.0%

3,722,000 (2010) -2.4%

3,194,000 (2020) -14.2%


Ethnicity, %

 

Amerindian

Asian

Black

White

(mainly Spanish)

1899

 

 

6.2

61.8

1940

 

 

23.8

76.2

1960

 

 

 

79.7

2007

0.2

0.3

6.9

76.2

2015

0.5

0.2

12.4

75.8

Religion, %,

 

Christian

Protestant

Christian

R C

No

religion

2001

 

65.0

 

2014

33.0

56.0

8.0

Birth and death rates Below replacement rate = 2.1

 

Fertility Rate

Birth

Rate

Infant

Mortality

Death

Rate

% Aged

Under 15

% Aged

Over

65

% Urban

1899

 

 

 

 

 

 

14.6

1910

 

 

 

 

 

 

20.1

1920

 

 

 

 

 

 

21.8

1930

 

 

 

 

 

 

27.7

1937

 

 

138.0

 

 

 

 

1940

 

39.0

 

 

 

 

30.3

1950

 

37.0 (+28.0)

63.0

9.0

43.3

3.8

40.5

1960

4.7

31.5 (+24.8)

47.8

6.7

42.7

5.2

44.2

1970

3.1

26.8 (+20.1)

 

6.7

36.5

6.5

58.1

1980

2.6

23.0 (+16.6)

19.1

6.4

31.6

7.9

67.8

1990

2.2

19.0 (+11.7)

14.0

7.3

27.2

9.7

92.9

2000

2.0

16.0 (+8.5)

9.7

7.5

23.6

11.3

94.4

2010

1.6

11.3 (+3.5)

8.2

7.8

20.6

13.0

93.8

2015

1.4

9.0 (+0.5)

 

8.5

18.7

16.0

93.6

2017

1.1

7.3 (-1.6)

 

8.9

 

 

 

2018

 

 

 

 

16.8

18.7

93.6

Life expectancy,


64.8 (1952); 63.0 (M), 67.0 (F)

68.7 (1960); 66.1 (M), 71.5 (F)

71.5 (1970); 68.3 (M), 74.9 (F)

73.7 (1980); 70.4 (M), 77.2 (F)

74.2 (1990); 69.9 (M), 78.7 (F)

76.7 (2000); 72.3 (M), 80.9 (F)

78.4 (2010); 74.5 (M), 82.5 (F)

80.2 (2020); 76.6 (M), 83.6 (F)


Population of principal cities, 1,000s

 

Bayamon

Caguas

Carolina

Ponce

SAN JUAN1

MA

1940

15

24

166

65

169

 

1950

 

 

 

99

357

 

1960

 

32

 

115

433

 

1970

 

 

 

131

 

 

1980

196

118

 

189

434

 

1990

220

133

178

188

438

 

1996

232

140

188

190

434

 

2005

227

144

192

186

433

 

2010

 

143

177

166

395

2,350

2015

239

 

 

 

 

 

1San Juan was founded in 1511 by Ponce de Leon.

Wealth; Gross Domestic Product (nominal values)

 

GDP,

US$ million

Total GDP,

% of USA

GDP per capita,

US$

GDP per capita

% of USA

1948

600

0.27

275

18.03

1960

1,692

0.31

717

23.84

1965

2,525

0.34

1,110

29.00

1970

5,035

0.48

1,850

35.26

1975

8,200

0.50

2,740

35.04

1980

14,436

0.52

4,500

35.72

1985

20,290

0.48

6,000

32.84

1990

30,600

0.53

8,650

36.11

1995

42,650

0.58

11,580

38.51

2000

61,700

0.62

16,200

44.44

2005

83,900

0.64

22,000

49.65

2010

98,400

0.66

26,440

54.66

2015

103,675

0.57

27,940

49.71

2016

105,000

0.57

 

 


GDP by primary sector

 

Agriculture

% GDP

Agriculture

% employed

Industry

% GDP

Industry

% employed

Services

% GDP

Services

% employed

1940

 

40.0

 

 

 

 

1950

 

24.0

 

 

 

 

1960

 

20.0

 

 

 

 

1970

 

14.0

 

 

 

 

1980

 

4.0

 

 

 

 

1990

1.6

3.2

44.4

20.8

54.0

60.5

2010

1.0

2.1

45.0

19.0

54.0

79.0

2016

0.8

 

50.2

 

48.5

 

Communications

Language, Official; English and Spanish.

English only, 5.8% (2015)

Spanish, 94.1% (2015)

Literacy


Under 25% (1899)

89.1% (1988); 89.7% (M), 88.5% (F)

94.1% (2002); 93.9% (M), 94.4% (F)

93.3% 92015); 92.8% (M), 93.8% (F)


Physical communications � roads

 

Roads (km)

Surfaced (km)

Motor vehicles

Cars

Commercial Vehicles

Railways

(km)

1938

2,211

 

 

 

 

618

1944

2,987

 

 

 

 

 

1947

3,300

 

46,157

27,408

 

 

1952

6,070

 

76,750

 

 

 

1962

6,926

 

215,889

 

 

 

1964

 

 

274,000

 

 

 

1979

 

11,000

1,035,200

 

 

 

1986

9,351

 

1,385,300

1,175,200

201,100

 

1992

 

21,772

1,650,709

 

 

96*

2000

23,800

 

2,082,090

 

 

 

2005

25,640

 

2,382,373

 

 

 

2008

26,670

25,337

2,661,000

 

 

96

2012

26,862

 

2,990,000

 

 

 

2016

 

 

 

2,010,000

 

 

*By the 1960s road competition had resulted in the closure of almost all railways; a few are preserved as tourist lines.

Urban metro systems, kilometres

San Juan, (opened 2004)

17.2 km (2010)

Electronic communications, TV broadcasting began 1954 (colour from 1968)

 

Telephones 1,000s

Mobile Telephones

Radios

1,000s

Televisions

PCs

Internet Users

1938

14

 

 

 

 

 

1940

 

 

48

 

 

 

1944

22

 

 

 

 

 

1952

39

 

 

 

 

 

1962

112

 

 

 

 

 

1975

243

 

 

 

 

 

1980

413

 

 

 

 

 

1987

 

3,917

 

 

 

 

1990

982

20,370

2,450

930,000

 

 

1995

 

287,000

2,636

1,000,000

 

 

2000

1,299

927,000

2,800

 

 

200,000

2005

1,218

2,934,000

 

 

 

925,000

2010

892

 

 

 

 

1,300,000

2016

813

3,227,300

 

 

 

2,874,000

Tourism: Visitors to Puerto Rico,


394,000 (1962)

1,872,000 (1987)

2,560,000 (1990)

3,131,000 (1995)

3,341,000 (2000)

3,686,000 (2005)