Universities and Colleges non-UK
Page last modified 26/8/2020
See also Education, Universities, UK
See also Education and Schools for dates relating to general education, libraries etc.
See also education – philosophers.
27/2/425, The Pandidakterion was founded in Constantinople by Emperor Theodosius II. This was effectrively a very early university institution, with 31 chairs for law, philosophy, medicine, arithmetic, geometry, astronomy, music, rhetoric and other subjects; 15 in Latin and 16 in Greek. This university existed until the 15th century.
Note, founding dates of universities can be uncertain. Universities began as something rather different from today, as informal groups of scholars and students, sometimes in monastic settings. Other universities developed from technical or industrial colleges. Universities have been suppressed or abandoned, merged, re-started, and may move from place to place over time. Satellite colleges may be founded, which may in time become universities themselves.
Rest of Europe
1919, Ljubljana University, Slovenia, was founded.
1880, Sofia University, Bulgaria, founded.
1837, The University of Athens was founded in Greece.
1632, The University of Dorpat (now, Tartu), Estonia, was founded by Gustavus Adolphus. It was re-established by Tsar Alexander I in 1802.
1581, The University of Olmutz, Czech Republic, was founded. Dissolved in 1778, it was re-founded in 1827.
1467, The University of Bratislava, Slovakia, was founded.
1348, Prague University founded by King Charles IV.
1622, Benedicine University of Salzburg founded. Closed, 1810.
1586, Graz University, Jesuit, founded.
1365, Vienna University founded.
1817, Liege University was founded.
1425, Louvain University was founded.
1874, Zagreb University was founded.
1933, Aarhus University was founded.
1479, Copenhagen University was founded by King Christian I.
1640, Helsinki University was founded; originally in Abo, moved to Helsinki in 1827. In 1906 it had 1,921 students (328 women) and 141 teaching staff. In 1936 it had 6,000 students and 353 teaching staff.
10/5/1806. The University of France was founded.
1751, The Ecole Superieure de Guerre (Academy of War) was established in Paris.
1621, University of Strasbourg founded. It ceased to operate duiing the French Revolution; a new academy was established in 1801.
1562, University of Lille founded.
1552, Douay University founded by King Philip II.
1464, The University of Bourges founded.
1461, The University of Nantes founded.
1459, The University of Valence founded.
1450, The University of Besancon founded.
1441, The University of Bordeaux founded.
1437, The University of Caen founded.
1431, The Universitiy of Poitiers founded.
12/7/1429, John Gerson, Chancellor of the University of Paris, died (born 14/12/1363).
1426, Louvain University founded.
1409, The University of Aix founded.
1365, The University of Orange opened.
14/12/1363, John Gerson, Chancellor of the University of Paris, was born (died 12/7/1429).
1349, The University of Perpignan founded.
1339, Grenoble University founded.
1332, The University of Cahors opened.
1307, Orleans University founded.
1289, Montpellier University founded.
1265, The University of Avignon opened.
1256, Sorbonne College, Paris, opened. It had been founded by Robert of Sorbon in 1253.
1235, The University of Orleans founded.
1229, Toulouse University founded.
1150, The University of Paris founded.
1919, Hamburg University founded,
1902, Munster University founded.
1872, Strasbourg University founded.
1863, Darmstadt Technological University was founded.
1826, Munich University founded. See 1472, Ingoldstadt.
1818, Bonn University was founded.
1811, University of Breslau founded.
16/8/1809. The University of Berlin was re-founded. Originally founded,1574.
1743, University of Erlangen founded.
1737, Gottingen University was founded.
1694, University of Halle was founded.
1665, University of Kiel founded.
1607, University of Giessen founded.
1582, Wurtzburg University founded.
1567, University of Helmstedt, Brunswick, was founded.
1558, University of Jena founded.
1544, The University of Konigsberg was founded.
1527, The first Protestant University was founded, at Marburg by Philip the Magnanimous.
1506, University of Frankfurt am Oder founded (transferred to Breslau, 1811, see Wroclaw, Poland).
1502, Wittemberg University was founded.
1477, Tubingen University was founded.
1472, Ingoldstadt University was founded. Transferred to Landshut, 1800, and to Munich in 1826.
17/10/1456, The University of Greifswald was established.
1455, Frieburg University was founded.
1419, Rostock University was founded.
1409, Leipzig University was founded by German refugees from Prague.
1388, Cologne University was founded.
18/10/1386, The University of Heidelberg was founded. This is the oldest continuously-existing university in Germany.
1378, Erfurt University was founded (closed 1816).
1844, The Polytechnicum in Budapest was founded.
1635, Budapest University, Hungary, founded.
1367, The University of Pecs was founded.
1972, The University of Limerick was founded, as the national Institute for Higher Education Limerick. It became a university in 1989l
6/1903, The Senate of Dublin University voted to open its degrees to women.
1899, The Department of Agriculture and Technical Instruction for Ireland was established, to provide agricultural education,
1592, Dublin University was founded. However an older establishment was founded in 1320, connected with St Patrick’s Cathedral.
1701, University of Venice founded.
1677, University of Sassari, Sardinia, founded. It reopened in 1766.
1645, University of Palermo founded.
1623, Genoa University founded.
1601, University of Parma re-founded.
1548, University of Messina founded.
1447, Palermo University founded.
1444, Catania University, Sicily, was founded.
19/10/1434, University of Catania founded.
1422, Parma University founded.
1412, Turin University founded.
4/3/1391, Ferrara University was founded.
1390, Pavia University founded.
1358, Lucca University was founded.
1349, Florence University was founded.
1329, Pisa University founded.
1320, Perugia University founded.
1248, Piacenza University was founded.
1244, Rome University founded.
1240, Siena University was founded.
1224, Naples University founded.
1221, Padua University founded.
1215, Arezzo University was founded.
1204, Vicenza University was founded. The world’s seventh-oldest university. (unless 1188, Reggio)
1188, Reggio University/School was founded.
1175, Modena University was founded. The world’s sixth-oldest university.
1088/1119. Bologna University founded. In 1262 it is reputed to have had 10,000 students, as against 3,400 in 1935. The world’s third-oldest university.
850, Salerno School was founded. Its early history is uncertain, but it probably first existed as a school for ecclestiastical, legal and medical studies.
1880, The Free (Calvinistic) University of Amsterdam was founded. It has had degree-awarding powers since 1905.
1877, The University of Amsterdam was founded. It was formerly an Atheneum.
1864, The State Polytechnic school at Delft was founded, for the study of engineering.
26/3/1636, The University of Utrecht was founded.
1614, The University of Groningen, Netherlands, founded.
1603, Harderwyck Atheneum was founded; closed 1811
1585, Franeker Atheneum was founded; closed 1811
1575, University of Leyden founded by William of Orange. See Netherlands 1574.
1968, Tromso University was established.
1811, The University of Christiania, Oslo, opened.
1945, The University of Torun was established.
24/5/1945, The University of Lodz, Poland, was founded.
1811, The University of Wroclaw (then Breslau, Germany) was founded, see Frankfurt on Oder, Germany, 1506.
1576, University of Warsaw founded. Suppressed in 1832, it was reopened in 1864.
5/11/1370. King Casimir III of Poland died in a hunting accident, aged 60, after a 30 year reign. He founded the University of Cracow, in 1364, and codified the law and administration.
1911, Oporto University was founded. The University of Lisbon was founded.
1/3/1290, The University of Coimbra was founded in Lisbon, Portugal by King Denis of Portugal; it moved to Coimbra in 1308.
1872, The University of Cluj (then, Kolozsvar, Hungary) was founded.
1864, Bucharest University was founded.
1918, A second university in Moscow was founded.
1834, Kiev University was founded by Tsar Nicholas I.
1804, The University of Kazan was founded by Alexander I.
12/1/1755. The first Russian university, at Moscow, opened.
1990, Pompeu Fabra University was founded by the Autonomous Government of Catalonia in 1990. It was named after the linguist Pompeu Fabra, an expert on the Catalan language.
1712, University of Madrid founded.
1531, University of Granada founded.
1504, University of Santiago de Compostela founded by Papal Bull from Pope Julius II.
1500, Valencia University was founded.
1483, The University of Palma was founded.
1482, The University of Avila was founded. It was reduced to a college in 1807.
1474, The University of Saragossa was founded.
1430, University of Barcelona founded. It was suppressed in 1714 but restored in 1841.
1359, The University of Huesca was founded,
1348, The University of Valladolid was founded.
1300, The University of Lerida was founded.
1254, The University of Seville was founded.
1208, The University of Castile was founded at Palencia. It was moved to Salamanca in 1239.
1134, Salamanca University was founded. The world’s fifth-oldest university.
968, Cordoba School founded.
1832, University of Zurich founded.
1559, University of Geneva founded.
4/4/1460, The University of Basle opened.
1891, Gothenburg University (Hogskola) was founded.
1668, The University of Lund was founded.
27/2/1477, The Swedish University of Uppsala was founded, becoming the first university in Sweden and all of Scandinavia.
1932, The first university in Afghanistan was founded, in Kabul.
1921, Dhaka University, Bangladesh, was founded.
1977, China restored the gaokao exams; end of school exams that determine whether one is admitted to a leading university; important for career progression in China. They had been abolished by Mao, who had instead filled the colleged with less-educated devotees of Maoism. There was initial rejoicing at this restoration. However the gaokao has attracted increasing concern for the huge stress it imposes on final year schoolchildren.
1902, In China, new colleges across 11 provinces were opened for the study of Western sciences.
260, Nanjing University was founded.
1917, Patna University, Bihar, India, was founded.
1857, Madras University, India, founded.
24/1/1857, Calcutta (Kolkata) University was founded.
23/11/1949, The Mashhad University Faculty of Medicine, Iran, was officially opened by Dr Zanganeh, the Iranian minister of culture.
1/4/1925, The Hebrew University at Mount Scopus, Jerusalem, was opened by Lord Balfour.
1973, Tsukuba University was founded,
1882, Waseda University, Japan, was founded as the Tokyo College; became Waseda University in 1902.
1877, Tokyo University was founded in Japan.
1961, The University of Jordan, Amman, opened.
1866, Beirut’s American University was founded as the Syrian Protestant College.
1/4/1978, The Philippine College of Commerce, through a presidential decree, became the Polytechnic University of the Philippines.
1919, The José Rizal University, Mandaluyong City, Philippines, was founded in 1919 by Vicente Fabella.
14/6/1910, The University of the Philippines Los Baños was opened as a college of agriculture, with 50 students taught by Dr. Edwin Copeland.
1595, The University of San Carlos was founded at Cebu City, Philippines.
1979, The Umm al Qura University, Makkah, was founded, and gained university status in 1981.
1975, The King Faisal University, Dammam, was founded.
1967, The King Adbul Aziz University, Jeddah, was founded.
1963, The College of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, was founded. It gained university status in 1975 as the King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals.
1961, The Islamic University, Medina, was founded.
1957, King Saud University was founded, as Riyadh University; renamed 1982.
1953, The Imam Muhammad ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, was founded (gained university status in 1974).
1964, Chiang Mai University, northern Thailand, was founded.
1946, The Australia National University, Canberra, was founded.
1893, The University of Tasmania, Hobart, opened (established 1890)
1876, The University of Adelaide opened (established by Act, 1874).
22/1/1853, The University of Melbourne, Australia, was established by Act of Incorporation.
1850, The University of Sydney, Australia, was founded.
1882, Auckland University, New Zealand, was founded.
1879, The University of Algiers was founded.
1970, The University of Benin was founded.
1977, Egyptian universities were in crisis, with the number of students having risen from 200,000 in 1970 to 500,000 in 1977. Lecture halls and laboratories were grossly overcroweded, making it especially hard on rural female students unused to such close proximity to males. Obtaining a degree was no guarantee of well paid work and even the professors were poorly remunerated.
1957, Asyut University, Egypt, was founded.
972, Cairo University founded. The world’s second-oldest university.
1948, University College Ghana opened.
1924, Achimota College, Ghana (then, Gold Coast) was established by Sir Gordon Guggisberg. The aim was to create an educated African elite who could administer the colony. By 1938 the College was offering degree courses.
1814, Fourah Bay College, Freetown, Liberia, was founded as a missionary college. In 1827 it became a training college for teachers and missionaries, and was affiliated to the Universityof Durham (UK) in 1876 for degree-awarding purposes. Fourah College educated many of the ruling elite of West Africa, and many leaders of various African nationalist movements were taught there.
989, Sankorah University / Madrassah was founded in Timbuktu.
859, Fez University (Al Karouine University), Morocco, was founded. This is the world’s oldest university
1962, Ibadan University, Nigeria, was founded.
1949, Natal University, South Africa, was founded.
2/4/1918, Cape Town University, South Africa, was inaugurated, with the Prince of Wales as its first Chancellor.
1873, The University of South Africa was founded at Pretoria.
1/10/1829, Cape Town University, South Africa, was founded, as the South African College.
1956, The University of Khartoum was founded, a merger of the Gordon Memorial College and the Kitchener School of Medicine.
1925, The Memorial University of Newfoundlamd was founded, as Memorial College, in St Johns.
1908, The University of Alberta was founded at Edmonton. The University of British Columbia was founded at Vancouver.
1907, The University of Saskatchewan was founded at Saskatoon.
1877, The University of Manitoba was founded in Winnipeg.
1869, The University of California opened; founded in 1855 as the College of California.
1866, The University of Ottawa was founded in Ontario.
1859, Canada’s first Agricultiural College was founded, St Annes, in Quebec. It is now affiliated with Laval University.
1852, Laval University (Quebec) was founded. It began as a Roman Catholic seminary in 1663.
1851, The University of Toronto began offering the country’s first agricultural degrees.
1841, Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario, founded.
1827, The University of Toronto was founded.
1821, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, founded.
1818, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, founded.
1813, McGill University, Montreal, founded.
1800, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, founded.
1955, The District of Columbia Teacher’s College was founded, created by a merger of Wilson Tacher’s College and Miner Teacher’s College.
1934, The University of Houston, Texas, was founded.
1932, Boise State University, Idaho, was founded by the Episcopal Church. It has awarded its own degrees since 1965.
1930, Dillard University, New Orleans, was founded by a merger between New Orleans University and Straight College (both founded in 1869)
1926, The University of Miami was founded. In 1945 it had be=arely 2,000 students, but 13,364 by 1957.
1925, Trinity College, North Carolina, changed its name to Duke University, after receiving a US$ 40 million from tobacco magnate James B Duke.
1922, Teaching began at the Alaska Agricultural College and School of Mines, with 6 students. In 1935 this became the University of Alaska.
1918, The University of South Dakota was founded.
1912, Memphis State University was founded in Tennessee.
1907, The University of Hawaii was founded at Honolulu.
1901, Idaho State University was established at Pocatello.
1899, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, was established.
1892, The Rhode Island College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts was established. In 1909 it became Rhode Island State College, and in 1951, Univefrsity of Rhode Island.
1892, The University of New Mexico was opened (founded 1889) in Albuquerque, New Mexsico, USA.
1891, Chicago University was founded. In 1890 only 3% of US citizens aged 18-21 attended college, a figure that rose to 8% by 1930.
1889, Catholic University, Washington DC, was founded.
1886, The University of Wyoming was established; teaching began in 1887.
1885, The Arizona State University was established.
1883, The Univefrsity of North Dakota was established.
1882, The University of South Dakota was established.
1881, Drake University, Des Moines, Iowa, was founded.
1877, The University of Detroit was founded in Michigan.
1876, The University of Texas was founded at Austin.
1874, The University of Nevada was established at Elko; moved to Reno in 1885.
1872, The University of Oregon was founded at Eugene.
1871, The University of Arkansas was founded at Fayetville.
1870, Syracuse University was founded at Syracuse, New York. In 1870, only 2% of US 17+ year olds were high school graduates, a figure that rose to 76% in 1970.
1869, The University of Nebraska was established, at Lincoln.
1867, The University of Illinois was established at Urbana. West Virginia University was established at Morgantown. Atlanta University was founded in Georgia.
1866, The University of New Hampshire at Durham received its Charter, originally as the New Hampshire College of Agriculture and the Mechanic Arts.
1865, Purdue University, Cornell University, the University of Maine and the University of Kentucky (all in the USA) were founded.
1861, The University of Colorado was founded at Boulder; the University of Washington was founded at Seattle.
1860, Louisiana State University was founded at Baton Rouge.
1858, Oregon State University was founded at Corvallis.
1856, Auburn University, at Auburn, Alabama, was founded.
6/3/1856, The Maryland Agricultural College, now University of Maryland, received its Charter.
1855, Pennsylvania State University and Michigan State University opened.
1853, The first agricultural college in the US was founded, in New York.
1853, The University of Florida was founded.
1850, University of Utah founded in Salt Lake City.
1848, The University of Wisconsin at Madison, and The University of Mississippi at Oxford, were founded.
1845, The University of Buffalo, New York State, was organised.
1840, Missouri State University was funded, in Columbia.
1839, The Universities of Boston and Missouri were founded.
22/2/1839, Wilbur Fisk, 1st president of the Wesleyan University, Connecticut, USA, from its founding in 1831, died (born 31/8/1792).
1837, Michigan State University was founded at Ann Arbor.
1837, The University of Louisville was opened in Kentucky.
1836, The University of Wisconsin was founded at Madison.
18/4/1831, New York University was founded, as the University of the City of New York.
1831, The University of Alabama was founded.
1819, The Western University of Pennsylvania was founded, at Allegheny.
1/6/1808. The first students were admitted to Ohio University; its charter had been approved on 18/2/1804.
11/1/1807, Ezra Cornell, founder of Cornell University, New York, was born.
1804, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio, received its Charter.
1801, The University of South Carolina was founded.
1795, The University of North Carolina was founded.
31/8/1792, Wilbur Fisk, 1st president of the Wesleyan University, Connecticut, USA, from its founding in 1831, was born (died 22/2/1839).
1769, Dartmouth College, New Hampshire, was established.
1766, State University, New Jersey, was founded as Queen’s College.
1764, Brown University, Rhode Island, was established.
1754, Kings College, New York City, was founded. Originally Kings College, it became Columbia College in 1784, and Columbia University in 1896.
1749, Pennsylvania University was established.
1749, Washington and Lee University, Virginia, was established.
1746, Princeton University, New Jersey, was founded, as the College of New Jersey, in Elizabethtown, new Jersey. It moved to Newark, New Jersey and then in 1754 to its present site at Princeton. It later became Princeton University, in 1896.
9/10/1701. Yale College in the USA received its Charter. It was founded, as the Collegiate School of America, becoming Yale College in 1718. In 1733 Yale became the first US college to teach Geometry, using Euclid’s Elements as a textbook.
1693, The College of William and Mary, Virginia,was established.
19/2/1672, Charles Chauncy, President of Harvard College, died (born 11/1592).
28/10/1638, John Harvard left a bequest of 400 books and £700 to what is now Harvard University.
28/10/1636, Harvard University, the oldest in the USA, was founded at Cambridge, Massachusetts by Puritan emigrants from Britain. The General Council of Massachusetts set up a college with the comparatively modest sum of £400. However on 28/10/1638 Mr John Harvard, assistant pastor of the First Church of Charleston, who died aged 31, left the College a bequest of £780 and 400 books. The aim was establish an educational institution equal to Oxford or Cambridge in England.
26/11/1607. John Harvard, founder of Harvard University, was born in London.
1948, The University of the West Indies was established, in Kingston, Jamaica; It is sited on a former sugar plantation.
1920, Rio de Janeiro University was founded.
12/3/1903, The University of Puerto Rico was officially founded.
1859, Valparaiso University, Chile, founded.
19/11/1842, The University of Santiago, Chile, was founded. An earlier University of Chile had been founded in 1738 by the King of Spain.
1825, Arequipa University, Peru, was founded.
1821, The University of Buenos Aires, Argentina, was founded.
1810, The National University of Nicaragua opened.
1787, The University of Quito, Ecuador, was founded.
1728, The University of Havana (Cuba) was founded.
1676, The University of San Carlos of Guatemala was established at Guatemala City.
1613, The University of Cordoba, Argentina, was founded.
1598, Cuzco University (Peru) was founded.
1572, The University of Bogota, Colombia, was established.
1551, The University of San Marcos, Lima, Peru, was established.
1551, The National University of Mexico was founded in Mexico City.
28/10/1538, The first university in the Americas, the Universidad Santo Tomas de Aquino, Santo Domingo, was founded.