Sicily; key historical events
Page last modified 17/11/2020
for Italian Unification (Garibaldi)
and other history
See also Roman Empire
See Earthquakes for major Italian earthquakes
10/2013, Governor of Sicily declared a State of Emergency
after hundreds of migrants had died at sea attempting tocross to Italy from
1893, 40,000 troops had to be
sent to Sicily to quell unrest there caused by poverty.
1850, Sicilian agriculture was being transformed after James
Lind, surgeon for the British Navy, calculated in the mid 18th
century that scurvy
had done more damage to the British Navy than the French and Spanish fleets
combined. Lemon juice was found to prevent scurvy, and Sicily was one of the
few places in Euripe where they could be reliably cultivated. Sicialian exports of lemon
juice rose 740 barrels in 1837 to 20,707 in 1850.
Filangieri landed at Messina, Sicily, to suppress a movement on the
island to secede from Naples. The independence forces were crushed by 5/1849,
with much loss of life.
13/4/1848.Sicily declared itself independent from Naples.
12/1/1848, In Palermo, an uprising began against the misrule
II of Naples.
7/1831, A temporary volcanic
island, called Grahame’s Island,
appeared 50 km off Sciacca, Sicily. It attained a height of 50 metres and a
circumference of 2 km before volcanic action ceased in August. Thereafter,
erosion totally obliterated the new island.
17/11/1617, A naval battle between Sicily and Venice ended
31/3/1282, The French were massacred
in Sicily (Sicilian Vespers). The Sicilians resented Angevin rule.
26/2/1266, Manfred, King of Sicily, killed in the Battle
of Benevento. This was during the long-running power struggle in Italy between
the Guelfs, who supported the Papacy,
and the Ghibelines, who supported
the Holy Roman Empire. The death of Manfred, son of Frederick II of Hohenstaufen,
was a severe blow to the Germans.
of Sicily 1059-1154
rule in Sicily ended with the death of King Tancred of Lecce, son of Roger III,
who had seized the throne of Sicily in 1189 when William II died. Tancred
was succeeded by his youngest son, William III. However 8 months
later Holy Roman Emperor Henry VI, husband
of Roger III’s daughter Constance, invaded Sicily and was
crowned in Palermon Cathedral on 25/12/1194. On 26/12/1194 Constance
gave birth to the future Frederick II.
28/5/1156, William of Sicily destroyed the Byzantine
fleet at Brindisi, and recovered Bari from Greek barons who had been encouraged
by Pope Adrian IV to revolt.
26/2/1154. King Roger II of Sicily died and was succeeded by his son William the
Bald. William ruled for 12 years.
25/12/1130, The Norman King Roger II
was crowned King of Sicily in Palermo Cathedral by the anti-Pope Anacletus, who thereby
gained a powerful supporter for his claim on the Papacy against the Pope Innocent
1101, Roger I of Sicily died. aged 70. He was succeeded by his 8
year old son, who rules as Roger II from 1112. Roger I had
finally subdued the whole of Sicily, taking the town of Enna from the Muslims in 1087 and expelling the Muslims from
SE Sicily in 1091. Roger I was succeeded by his eldest son, Simon;
died in 1105 and was succeeded by his younger brother, Roger II.
15/7/1085, Norman Duke Robert Guiscard died, aged 60, of fever after regaining Corfu and
Cephalonia, which his son Bohemund had lost Duke Guiscard was succeeded by his 54-year old
Guiscard, who had conquered Sicily, and ruled until 1101.
10/1/1072, The Normans conquered Palermo, Sicily.
16/4/1071. The Norman, Robert Guiscard, took Bari after
a three year siege. On 10/1/1072 Robert Guiscard and his brother Roger
took Palermo in Sicily.
1059, Pope Nicholas II invested the
Norman leader, Robery
Guiscard, with the Dukedoms of Apulia, Catalonia and Sicily. The
Papacy had initially been opposed to the growth of Norman power in southern
Italy, but a Norman victory at Civitato in 1053 forced the Popes to reconsider.
1016, The Normans were ‘invited’ to help liberate southern Italy from Arab Muslim
1/8/902. The Arabs
captured Taormina, which completed their conquest of Sicily from Byzantium.
878, Taormina, Sicily, fell to the
831, Palermo, Sicily, fell to the
827, First Islamic incursion into
740, The Saracen invasions of Sicily
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